The first dedicated Soviet attack helicopter, the Mi-24 is big, well-armed and extremely fast (grabbing a slew of world speed records in the 1970s). The latest family member, the AH-1Z, is one of the best in its class. The importance of close air support, which was possible only from low heights (600m to 800m) where the targets were clearly visible — was proved without a shadow of a doubt. Before the invasion of Europe began, the IX Tactical Air Command — a force dedicated to CAS — consisted of 1,600 P-47 Thunderbolts, P-51 Mustangs, P-38 Lightings and 35,000 airmen. In the Vietnam War it demonstrated how effectively helicopters could be used in the fire support role. Jul 1, 2020 - Explore Viper63's board "Close Air Support" on Pinterest. According to the Red Army Air Force Air Gunnery Service Administration, it was not unusual for 8,000 to 9,000 large-calibre (13-mm) bullets and 200 to 300 small-calibre (20-mm to 37-mm) rounds to be fired at an attacking Il-2. Armed with two 3.7cm cannon derived from a First World War flak gun (and brilliantly nicknamed the, If not exactly a failure, it was fair to say that in early 1943 the, This spectacularly successful change of role was largely the result of one man, Roland Beamont. Such aircraft are typically excellent low-altitude, low-speed performers able to carry considerable war loads over distance. It was also armed to the teeth, with a trainable 30-mm chain gun, unguided (and later guided) rockets and guided missiles. A pint of sweat saves a gallon of blood. The UH-1E had become an absolute necessity for close-in support of vertical assault operations. . In a rather cruel irony the Junkers Ju 87 remains probably the most famous aircraft to bear the Junkers name, yet Hugo Junkers was a pacifist and a socialist who died under house arrest, whilst the Nazis busily stole his assets, in the same year the Stuka first flew. The Super Tucano aircraft, which will be part of the PAF's 15th Strike Wing, will beef up the remaining SF-260 and … Oleg Rastrenin graduated from the Moscow Applied Physics Institute in 1986 and commenced military service. The US Department of Defense defines CAS as “air action by fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and that require detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of those forces.” Across the last bloody 100 years, certain aircraft types have excelled in the role. In the Korean War, the USAF used the woefully inappropriate F-80 jet aircraft and they bemoaned the lack of Thunderbolts (now re-designated F-47s). 6. During one raid, ADs used aerial torpedoes to strike a dam and damage its gates. It was famously said that a salvo of all eight rockets represented a destructive force equivalent to a broadside from a destroyer. The phenomenon of the Il-2, one of the best attack aircraft of the Second World War, was born. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Importantly, it was also exceptionally tough — Jugs riddled with bullet holes and missing huge sections often recovered in a manner that verged on the miraculous. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Like the USAF A-1s, Navy A-1s were used extensively as escorts for search and rescue missions. It would typically carry an 8,000-pound bomb load on missions over Korea. Lieutenant General Carl Steiner, Commander of XVIII Airborne Corps during Just Cause praised the AH- 64s capabilities by saying it could “Fire a hellfire missile through a window at five miles away, at night”. Whenever armor and air can work together in this way, the results are sure to be excellent. Sam Wise spends far too much time thinking about aeroplanes, and occasionally tweets about them and anything else, Follow my vapour trail on Twitter: @Hush_kit. However, the simulated defenses at Yuma had no precision instrumentation to track aircraft flight paths, gun aiming, or missile launch and homing. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. The Fifth Generation classification category is only used exclusively for fighter aircraft. The ability to precisely engage such a small target from miles away was designed to be effective against tanks, but served the AH-64A well in Operation Desert Storm in January 1991 when AH-64As of 1-101st Aviation Regiment, destroyed several key antiaircraft radar stations along the Iraq-Kuwait border, CLOSE AIR SUPPORT. Q4 SOFREP Sweepstakes - … Since 1998 Close Air Support has become a reliable and respected partner with Boeing, Airbus, and Regional aircraft operators and MRO’s, focused on helping them reduce inventory costs with quick innovative solutions to procurement. He is the author of this book on the Il-2. In terms of reliability and maintainability, the aircraft quite conformed to the level that the Soviet aviation industry was able to provide at that time. . Rockets and bombs could be used interchangeably on the same aircraft but in practice, squadrons tended to specialise in one weapon or the other. Under such combat conditions, the Il-2s were subjected to extremely heavy fire from enemy ground- and air forces. ( Log Out /  The aircraft’s baptism of fire was in Afghanistan, where it demonstrated the ability to generate higher sortie rates than any other type, even in the most austere conditions. . In the Great Patriotic War, ground attack aircraft were the main offensive element of the Red Army Air Force. And, depending on how you stretch the definition, even some unarmed ISR type aircraft with a laser designator could be part of a CAS mission because they can find targets and guide weapons. One nicked my nose and another entered my right leg… I had been hurt worse playing football”. Plus the tail kept falling off. Bomb racks were added, as a result the Typhoon could carry a 1000 pound bomb under each wing, this representing a bombload greater than the Bristol Blenheim (still in service with the RAF in 1942 as a light bomber) but in stark contrast the Typhoon was over 100 mph faster and a highly capable fighter, unlike the Blenheim which was effectively defenceless if intercepted. Along with the more numerous Vought F4U Corsair, the Skyraider proved to be a grimly effective close air support aircraft, making multiple passes using bombs, rockets cannon fire, and napalm canisters to savage the Communist Chinese and North Korean forces. It is however a telling demonstration of just how good the mighty P-47 was that in 1951, some six years after it last saw action, it was so desperately needed for frontline service that four-star generals were begging for mere handfuls of what was now quite an elderly aircraft. The Mi-24 was conceived from the outset as a flying infantry fighting vehicle. From start to finish, 46 percent of all Navy-Marine sorties were close air support, and though slightly less than the Air Force figure, naval aviators had long experience in the doctrine and technique of close support. Was the Spitfire overrated? The Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force all participate in close air support [CAS] or reinforcement of ground troops by close-in delivery of ordnance from aircraft. While Soviet reports of combat destruction were, without a doubt, exaggerated, the impact that the Il-2 had on harrying and disrupting the German war machine was vital to the Red Army’s success and progress on the front. The low wing enabled it to feature fifteen bomb racks and carry a wide variety of ordnance and external fuel tanks. Efimov (288 combat sorties): “The Il-2 ground attack aircraft is not simply another step in the development of the engineering thought: it is an entire era in the history of Soviet military aviation.”. . From the trench-strafing carnage of the 1910s, via the murderous Spanish Civil War, close air support came of age in the Second World War. World War 2 (1939-1945) thrust the idea of dedicated strike aircraft for the Close Air Support (CAS) role into the forefront of modern warfare. Too late to see action during World War II, it replaced the SB2C and TBM in carrier-based attack squadrons beginning in 1947 and completely by the start of the Korean War in 1950. Close-air support key to strategic success Known as CAS, close air support uses military aircraft in an attack against enemy ground forces that are in close proximity to friendly forces. There was room for improvement — in 1969 the Marine Corps received its first dedicated attack helicopter – the exceptionally mean Cobra. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. . When the Marine Corps employed the UH-lE ‘Huey’ in the CAS role in the Vietnam War it was extremely controversial. Alas, noting lack of spare parts and the logistical issues of introducing another aircraft to the conflict General Hoyt Vandenburg coldly responded “we fail to see any appreciable results to be gained by the substitution”, thus spelling a death sentence for many Mustang pilots who might otherwise have survived. May 26, 2020 - #close #air #support #a #10 #av #8 #8b #Harrier #stovl #ac #i30 #gun #ship #craft #su #25 #aviation #off #emp #embraer #plane #airplane #aircraft #refuel #tanker #airforce #battlespace #liner #pilot #aviation #wing #wings #flight #air #Landing #space #Aerospace #runaway #Pratt #& #Whitney #Rolls #Royce #bea #NASA #Northrop #Grumman #Lockheed #Martin #bea #jet #jets … 2. the bunker positions. 4.Douglas AD (A-1) Skyraider ‘Able Dog the Destroyer’. American turboprop-powered light close air support aircraft: Schlachtflugzeug { n } mil repeatedly by... ’ s configuration trip from Japan, the Apache in 1939 and continued unabated the! 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