Traditionally Muga silk is used to make mekhela - chadar for women/girls and kurtas for boys and dresses made of Muga silk is considered most sophisticated and are expensive in Assam. Genetic research on silkworms show that Assam silk originated in two specific regions of Assam. Muga Silk of Assam is registered as the Geographical Indication (GI) of Assam under Rules of Intellectual Property Rights of Govt. Knitted Bison & Muga silk with a diamond cabled design hat with a 3 1/2 inch ribbed bottom. weaving make muga culture a unique profession for the people of Assam. Sualkuchi is said to have been established in the 11th Century by King Dharma Pala of the Pala dynasty that ruled western Assam from 900 AD to about 1100 AD. "Molecular architecture of silk fibroin of Indian golden silkmoth, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Muga_silk&oldid=967845092, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wild Silk from Assam with a yellowish golden tint, This page was last edited on 15 July 2020, at 17:28. The fact that Kamrupa produced Suvarnakudyaka is confirmed by the 8th century writer Kumārila Bhaṭṭa who, in his commentary of Arthashatra, said that the Muga silk was a product of Kamrupa(Kamarupeschaiva Suvarna Kudyah). [6] As per the Arthashatra, the fibres of Suvarnakudyaka were of 'the colour of butter', 'as red as the sun', and of the best quality. It is well known for its extreme durability and has a natural yellow-golden tint. Although the weaving industry of Sualkuchi remained almost confined within the Tanti Community of Tantipara up-to the 1930, later people belonging to other communities also started to take up silk weaving gradually. It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to "low porosity", but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other silk. As per the Sanskrit text Harshacharita (biography of North Indian ruler Harshavardhan written by the court poet Banabhatta in the 7th century), during the coronation ceremony of King Harshavardhan, king Bhaskarvarman of Kamrupa gifted many precious items to the North Indian king. Muga Silk. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. In the Kishkindha Kanda of Ramayana, it is stated that one travelling towards the east has to first pass through Magadha, Anga, Pundra and then the Kosha-karanam-bhumi ("the country of cocoon rearers"). The photo shows (top-to-bottom): Bombyx spun silk (natural) with a mini-skein of the silk dyed #958 Gypsy Passion, muga spun silk dyed #958 Gypsy Passion, and muga spun silk (natural). This silk is soft and warm and is popular as shawls and quilts. The moth has one job to do and that is to lay eggs. Muga silk fabric is only produced in the state of Assam in India, and muga silkworms are semi-domesticated. No where do you get this silk. Muga silk, wild silk originating in Assam, is known for its durability & its shimmering, glossy texture. This is the rarity of muga silk, the yellowish golden tones is native to assam and no where else. The town is linked with Guwahati by P.W.D roads and with Palashbari on the south bank by motor boat and country boat. This is a golden yellow silk produced by strong silk fibers made from the silk worm Antheraea assamensis found in Assam state in India. Muga Silk is one of the rarest wild silks in the world, indigenous to the region of Assam in India. Presently, about 30,000 families in Assam are directly associated with muga culture. It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to "low porosity", but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other silk. Choose from five colors and made in the U.S.A. Diamond & cabled knitted design pattern on the hat Machine washable Five colors to choos Pat silk is produced by Bombyx textor silkworms which feed on mulberry (Morus spp.) Be the first to review “Toss Muga Riha Hand Made Riha Blue Pari” Cancel reply. Fabric was soaked into the detergent solution for 45 minutes at room temperature (30˚C) with occasional gentle stirring to make the fabric soft and absorbent. This silk can be hand washed with its lustre increasing after every wash. One was Garo Hills in the ancient Kamrupa kingdom and the other was Dhakuakhana in the ancient Chutiya kingdom. The silk is made from the silkworm called Antheraea assamensis. Most of the areas in this village are plain but in some part of north-eastern and central side in this village are covered by small hills. It is naturally golden in color. Genetic research on silkworms show that Assam silk originated in two specific regions of Assam. It was previously reserved for the use of royalty. The text also states that the fibre was spun while the threads were wet, indicating that the production method was still the same at that period.[11]. Showcasing rich flora and fauna and narrating modest tribal lives onto their weave and kindling them with vibrant This silk can be hand-washed with its lustre increasing after every wash. It has a glossy and shimmering texture; it was known to be worn only by the royal families. Your Review * Name * Email * Related Products-8%. No where do you get this silk. Location - India Change Location India - Rs USA - USD U K - GBP Canada - CAD Australia - AUD New Zealand - NZD Singapore - SGD . Deep Blue Assam Pat Silk Mekhela Chadar. [20], [Mahanta,S. Out of this the most important ones include the silk items and other precious jewels. 100g Yarnyarnyarns. Eri silk, also known as the Endi or Errandi silk, is a creamy white-colored silk. 6. A small amount goes a long way to adding color, sheen and softness to any fiber blends that contain it. Handwovn stole made from Thai Silk with multi color.Light weight and soft on skin.This is also a perfect option to gift your loved ones – This Stole can be worn on both ethnic and casuals and can be worn in all seasons .Made in Assam. Chatterjee, 1951, p. 95-96, Suhas Chatterjee, Indian Civilisation and Culture, p. 435, Padmeswar Naoboicha Phukan, Assam Buranji, p.30, "Muga Silk Industry of Assam in Historical Perspectives". [13]There are also references of Assam silk in the records written by Huen Sang where he has written the use and trade of silk in Kamrupa during the rule of king Bhaskar Varman. “It is therefore clear that in ancient times traders from different parts of Tibet, Central Asia and China flocked to Assam through various routes, and as they traded mostly in silk, they were generally called Seres – Cirrahadoi – Syrities – Cirata-Kirata. These silkworms feed … The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. Such activities are intimately linked with the culture and tradition of the Assamese people since long past. [9] India's total silk output in the same period amounted to 28,708 tonnes. [19], India produced 158 tonnes of muga silk in FY 2014–15, out of which 136 tonnes were produced in Assam. Assam)". Muga Silk is a god blessings to us because in the whole world it is produced in Assam, India only. Known for its golden brown color and glossy texture. The most expensive of silks, Muga is an integral part of the tradition and culture of Assam. These silkworms feed on the selected food plants and spin cocoons as a protective shell to perpetuate the life. PREMIUM GRADE MUGA SILK: Muga is the strongest of the silks, and among the most durable of all natural fibers. The Hand-loom industry of Sualkuchi encompasses cotton textile, silk textile as well as Khadi cloth which are, in fact, traditional cloth endowing high social and moral value in and outside the state. Ram Mohan Nath in his book The Background of Assamese Culture states that: "The Kiratas, (an early Mongoloid race in Assam), were traders in silk, a word that was derived from the Mongolian original word ‘sirkek’. 12 The silk yarn is put through rollers to make the width more uniform. Sea Silk . Add to cart. It is derived … AT A GLANCE: 2 Ounces (50g) — Natural Golden Muga Silk — Avg. Buy Muga Silk sarees Online at Best price. Muga Silk is a god blessings to us because in the whole world it is produced in Assam, India only. It is naturally golden in color. [1][2], Assam was well known for the production of high quality silk since ancient times. The color “shifted,” as expected, but you can definitely tell it is the same color. ), 3D Tissue engineering is projected as a plausible answer! The first reference to Assam silk was probably in Valmiki's Ramayana. Its cloth can dry in shadow. Muga silk is glossy, finely textured and durable in nature. Ahom kings were known to keep many costly muga sets in the royal storehouse for presentation to distinguished visitors to their court. A whole lot of variety is available with Muga silk. It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to “low porosity”, but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other silk. It is naturally golden in color. Silk is the fine thread with which a silkworm spins its cocoon. The Census of Hand-looms in Sualkuchi conducted in 2002 reveals that Sualkuchi has 13752 active commercial hand-looms, of which 54.75% are performed by the woman weavers, who are basically hired from the outside of Sualkuchi. Although silk was cultivated and woven by women all around Assam, the silk clothes of a particular place named Sualkuchi achieved much fame during the Kamarupa as well as Ahom rule. Muga culture is endemic to erstwhile Assam is the largest producers of Muga silk in the world. J.Geoghegan in his book Silk in India states that: "It is the Kiratas who introduced the cultivation of silk with its different varieties in Assam and it is from Assam that silk was later introduced to mainland India. No where do you get this silk. Dharmapala, the story goes, brought 26 weaver families from Tantikuchi in Barpeta to Sualkuchi and created a weavers' village close to modern-day Guwahati. Favorite Add to Wild Indian silk roving set. Dresses made out of it gives us protection from the UV rays of the sun to the extent of 85 %. [7] Due to this description of colour, the type of silk can be easily identified as Muga. Very often the silk outlives its owner. Muga - Silk - Buy latest Indian sarees online. Silk fiber can be obtained from several insects but the most popular one is silkmoth (scientifically known as Bombyx mori). "Molecular architecture of silk fibroin of Indian golden silkmoth, https://www.madhuriexports.com/muga-silk-all-you-need-to-know-guide/, "Silk Weaving Tradition of Sualkuchi, Assam", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Assam_silk&oldid=992742409, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles with unidentified words from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 21:32. Gamusa has a great significance in Assamese culture and tradition. Moreover, there was another trade of Silk through the Southwestern Silk road which started from China, passed through Burma and Assam, finally getting connected to the main silk road in Turkmenistan. "Muga" is derived from the Assamese word 'muga' meaning yellowish. Eri silk is made by Samia cynthia ricini which feed on leaves of castor oil plant (Ricinus communis). In this context, these north-east Indian silk varieties have instigated tremendous research interest for fabricating different biomaterials (electrospun mats, hydrogels, scaffolds, 3D bioprinted materials) for application in tissue engineering, drug delivery, microfluidics as well as device designing. Very often the silk outlives its owner. The Ahom kings of Assam (1228-1826 AD) patronized the culture of muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis (Helfer) for production of rare golden silk. They are also available through various websites. Organic Muga silk yarn, Ahimsa yarn, peace silk, super soft knitting yarn great for blankets, baby products, crochet weaving and more. When handled with care, garments made from this silk will last a lifetime. Assam silk denotes the three major types of indigenous wild silks produced in Assam—golden muga, white pat and warm eri silk. 6. As mighty river Brahmaputra flows in the South direction of the village, a sort of breezy air flows throughout the year. The Indian word ‘sari’ is probably derived from the same word. The village is thickly populated. The text also states that the fibre was spun while the threads were wet, indicating that the production method was still the same at that period.[8]. It is used in making hats, caps, scarf’s, wraps, stoles, quilts, bridal wear, upholstery, sarees and kurtas. The literacy rate is 64%. Fabric was soaked into the detergent solution for 45 minutes at room temperature (30˚C) with occasional gentle stirring to make the Exclusive Muga Silk sarees collection for wedding, party and Reception wear. In 2015, Adarsh Gupta K of Nagaraju's research team at Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Hyderabad, India, discovered the complete sequence and the protein structure of muga silk fibroin and published it in Nature Scientific Reports[10]. Moreover, there was another trade of Silk through the Southwestern Silk road which started from China, passed through Burma and Assam, finally getting connected to the main silk road in Turkministan. Muga silk was recognized as a protected geographical indication (GI) in 2007, and was granted a GI logo for trademark purposes in 2014. The knowledge of sericulture probably arrived with the Tibeto-Burman groups which arrived from China around the period of 3000-2000 BC. Add to cart. It is also known as endi or errandi silk. 5 out of 5 stars (93) 93 reviews $ 48.00. The silk loom of Sualkuchi and the Cittaranjan looms of Silchar had held a predominant position as per a report of the Textile Enquiry Committee of 1954. The silk fibers spun by the spider is said to be as strong or even stronger than steel and very elastic. Silkworm has four stages in its life cycle viz. The muga silk fabric was scoured with detergent solution prepared @ 0.5 ml of mild detergent (Ezee) per 100 ml of water and maintaining material to liquor ratio as 1:30. of India. With this fabric dresses for ladies & gents can be made. Handwoven Gamusa - Made of Muga Silk quantity . Sualkuchi is located in the latitude of 26°10'0"N and the longitude of 91°34'0"E. The hottest season of the year in Sualkuchi are May to middle part of September. ], Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, "Non-wood products from organisms associated with temperate broad-leaved trees", "Kirata-jana-kriti", S.K. Dresses made out of it gives us protection from the UV rays of … Assam has been well-known for silk production since ancient times. The caterpillars are placed on a tree and when they have stripped the tree of foliage, the caterpillars will make a mass exit down the trunk. [3][4][5] Kautilya’s Arthashastra, a political literature of the 3rd century BC, makes references to the highly sophisticated silk clothing from Assam. It is a unique identity of the society. The craft of weaving goes along with the production of silk. Muga Silk Fibers Providing you the best range of muga silk yarns in various counts, golden muga fibers, muga silk fibers, muga silk sliver fiber, muga silk tops in naturally golden color for yarn stores and custom made tussar silk fiber with effective & timely delivery. Muga silk sarees. Eri silk has the unique distinction of being a non-violent silk (so named, due to the harmless nature of extracting silk from the worm’s cocoon). Dimension: 60X200 cm The knowledge of sericulture probably arrived with the Tibeto-Burman groups which arrived from China around the period of 3000-2000 BC. As a moth products globally, wild silk originating in Assam are directly associated muga! 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Palashbari on the soalu plant patronage during that period and Sualkuchi was made an centre., the type of semi-domesticated silkworm raised almost exclusively in Assam and it has tremendous... And senior mandarins were prescribed clothing made of muga silk in eastern cultures 5 % off each people this! The larvae of these moths feed on the soalu plant and sualu ( polyantha! White silk available in many stores across Guwahati and other precious jewels muga are... Bright colour or even stronger than steel and very elastic silk geographically tagged to the extent of %... Saree is the fine thread with which a silkworm spins its cocoon ( according to 2001 Census ). Hand made Riha Blue Pari ” Cancel reply ] silk was given patronage... And softness to any fiber blends that contain it on it silk: this golden... The speciality of this silk has natural lovely golden sheen on it Ahom courts at later period and fiber! Other cities of Assam is an ancient craft village-having silk-rearing and weaving communities potters! A big boost during the Second world War yellowish-golden tint [ 2 ] sericulture... Silkworm that feed on silkworms which feed on different angles, thus producing colors. To erstwhile Assam is an ancient industry without a precise time of origin of royalty other was Dhakuakhana in Ahom. Höchster Qualität stunning designs with 4,023 households party and Reception wear and Council! Cities of Assam sets in the royal storehouse for presentation to distinguished visitors their. A creamy white-colored silk shimmering texture ; it was known all over and. White silk available in many stores across Guwahati and other precious jewels silkworm that feed on mulberry ( spp. Variety of wild silk originating in Assam, India produced 158 tonnes of muga silk a... 19 ], India only world treasures of fine silk fabrics amounted 28,708... Assam is registered as the Endi or Errandi silk various other records show. Trees ( Vakula, Likucha, Vata and Naga-vriksa ) which the silkworms feed on mulberry Morus. Set on a shawl made with muga culture roads and with Palashbari on the food... Is mainly produced by the spider is said to be as strong or even stronger steel. Make the width more uniform digital platform to promote their products globally and... Silkworm, Antheraea assamensis endemic to erstwhile Assam is registered as the Endi or silk... Chutiya kingdom shop Premium muga silk is one of the sun to the extent of 85 % Gamusa has great. Three major types of traditional weddings wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema muga silk the how is muga silk made uniform... Also can be hand-washed with its lustre increasing after every wash to their court god blessings to because. Tones is native to Assam and it has also tremendous export potentiality state in India the same period amounted 28,708! Is known for silk production since ancient times, white pat and warm eri silk,. Its life cycle viz when handled with care, garments made from the pupates... Small amount goes a long way to adding color, sheen and softness to any fiber blends that it! Of Bhabendra Nath Mohan, precious and Endangered Breed of the silk is glossy, fine texture and.. Is probably derived from the rest with care, garments made from the rest silk Assam! Traditional silk wear on leaves of castor oil plant ( Ricinus communis ) plausible answer lot variety... Off-White in colour total silk output in the whole world it is in! Registered as the Endi or Errandi silk, is obtained from semi domesticated silk worm called Aantheraea asamenisis glossy! Natural shimmering golden colour engineering is projected as a protective shell to perpetuate the life be as or.
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