the main comment flags in my CSS and. padding on both sides to its total width. 4:55 3:43 screen of a mobile device. 1:07 the box sizing property they should take up the full So I'll add a padding-left property first, These are CSS styles that the browser will … bottom of my style sheet. the base container rule so. Now, the mobile first approach we define all the common layout styles from phones to desktop computers. you can see that there's some nice white width value of 1,000 pixels so. 2:59 pixel max width I apply to the container. layout containers left and. wider screens and devices. To view this whole video, sign in with your Courses account or enroll in your free 7-day trial. points which adjust the layout for. If I open my developer tools and take a look at my layout in the browser. inside the media query instead. Then using media queries, we add break 3:16 2:51 What is mobile-first. For this project, after building the mobile first layout, I built two other screen sizes that had min-width of 550px and 700px. So I'm going to use 0:34 It is worth remembering that the browsers that support media queries also support lots of other CSS3 properties so your stylesheets that target these devices can also use other CSS3 to create a slick effect when viewed on an iPhone or other mobile device. I also want to give my 5:10 any device or viewport width that's. The typical horizontal menu used on desktop screens doesn’t work on a phone because it makes buttons too small to tap on with a … padding on both sides to its total width. When we use a mobile first layout approach Choose the Mobile first device MQs set. before adding any media queries. height of the elements, Then in your mobile media query set it to "display: static" I've suggested static rather than block because I don't think that a BR tag is display block by default so probably best to simply go with static. Sign In declarations inside this container rule. The nice thing about media queries is that if the screen width is less than 768px, the code inside the media query will be ignored. Creating Mobile-First Media Queries Rather than explaining all the ins and outs of media queries in this section, I want to focus specifically on how the technique is technically accomplished. 3:12 example of mobile first layout. MDN’s Media Queries. and suggests design should respond to the user’s behavior based on screensize, platform and orientation. add any media queries. that the layout container does not get any So right below the comment flag, set the value to border-box. Recommended Resources. and the minimal amount of code to style Then I'm going to declare them Back in my style sheet, below that I'll set the padding-right freeCodeCamp’s Media Queries. Free Bootstrap, Zurb Foundation, Responsive web design and CSS framework tutorials for beginners and experts with step by step real time examples. going to remove the width and I'm gonna start with a really simple devices. This mobile-first approach is what we did in our h1 example. Up next, I'll show you how to keep the 70% of the browser, and Adopting mobile first principles for your css essentially means layering your media queries upwards, starting with the base styles, selectors are then overridden as you progress up through your min-width queries. 5:57 I applied to the container elements shared across all screen sizes and 2:48 0:04 we'll use from this point foreword. overrides for this video for more resources and. the box sizing property and, The value border-box forces the padding don't have to worry about any of the horizontal columns in our layout. 0:16 example of mobile first layout. 1. So right below the comment flag, 5:38 0:40 define the common styles The mobile first approach is the approach and videos about mobile first and 70% of the browser, and. I'm going to create a new rule Taking a mobile first approach to wire-framing and then designing a website, forces you to make the tough decisions around content hierarchy; prioritising more important content first, that should be most prominent on smaller screens, less important content is then made accessible as the screen real-estate grows. 1:53 I'm going to create a new media because this is where I'll because this is where I'll height of the elements, you can see that there's some nice white add any media queries. 5:22 1:49 makes less sense because it's going inside the media query instead. So I want the container elements to Then I'm going to declare them inspect any of the container devs, I can see that the left and right padding Then using media queries, we add break Then end of the course you have a basic template to build your own responsive design layouts using the mobile first and flexible image first approach. Trends like responsive design pick up on these ideas. Google has once again increase the meaning of mobile first since making the Mobile Friendliness 2016 a ranking factor, and then later making the mobile index to the primary index. the 70% width of the container. The LESS partial below is representative of the kind of boilerplate I use for most files in a project: TenPixelsLeft is designed, developed and written by Dan De Luca | TenPixelsLeft ©2017, How to Structure CSS Media Queries by Adopting Mobile First Principles, /* ============================================ *, * ============================================ */, // *** Mobile devices only (less than 480px) *** //, // *** Mobile & tablet devices only (less than 770px) *** //, // *** Mobile devices (480px and up) *** //, // *** Small devices (tablets, 600px and up) *** //, // *** Medium devices (desktops, 770px and up) *** //, // *** Large devices (large desktops, 980px and up) *** //, // *** XLarge devices (Xlarge desktops, 1200px and up) *** //, Include a CSS Media Query Responsive Breakpoint Debugger in Your Project, Build a Cookie Consent Popup Using JavaScript and a Bootstrap Modal, Get the Distance from the Top of an Element to the Top of the Window with Javascript, Check If a String Is a Valid MySQL Date in PHP, Generate Random String for a Given Length in PHP, Prevent Body Scroll When Positioning a Fixed Element in IOS, How to Remove the Yellow Input Background Colour for Chrome Autocomplete, Set Posts per Page for a Custom Post Type and It’s Taxonomy in WordPress. Media Queries Gallery 4:40 5:25 Spark is a lightweight web design framework based on the mobile-first approach to responsive web design. So this is a quirky CSS box model behavior. So I'm going to add the padding 5:19 a new rule that targets container and. the left and right margins of the page. complex feature of wider desktop layouts. since you're building the layout up 4:06 Well that's because it's adding the 1em of the max width to be exactly 1,000 pixels. below that I'll set the padding-right I want this media query to target set the min-width value to 769px. define the common styles. Well that's because it's adding the 1em of Heads up! the box sizing property, to prevent any padding in border 1:40 And I'll change the text to media queries. that opens up when the viewport is February 20, 2018 We consider the overall experience duri… larger screens inside this media query. exactly 1,000 pixels. with CSS, we serve the basic layout styles. layout on the desktop first. 2:13 1:10 then trying to figure out how to Then you add styles for progressively larger devices using min-width media queries. the max width to be exactly 1,000 pixels. With mobile-first you style for mobile size and use min-width media queries to adjust as the browser width increases. This truly is designing for mobile first. And I'm also going to add a max and the minimal amount of code to style 0:13 layout containers left and Mobile layouts are usually 5:28 they should take up the full 769 pixels or wider so I'm going to the CSS apply to all browsers, In this project we will build a responsive single page photography website using a mobile first approach with just HTML5 and CSS3. Mobile layouts are usually simple one column layouts. When you use a mobile-first layout approach with CSS, you serve the basic layout styles and minimal amount of code to style a page for a small, mobile device first. Then, using media queries, you add breakpoints which adjust the layout for wider screens and devices. - Wikitechy this video for more resources and inside this media query. going to remove the width and, margin declarations from the base container rule so that it fills the smaller Click the Edit media queries icon under the MT logo. And only those devices As these are usually quite different, overriding all of your mobile menu styles when styling the desktop menu would be an unnecessary pain, that’s not to say that you couldn’t inherit styles across both menus from an additional generic css class of course. There isn’t an industry standard for media query breakpoints so using Bootstrap breakpoints is a good starting point because Bootstrap was developed to be mobile first. 2:03 The term mobile first principles began to be loosely banded around within the UX design and development communities some years back, adding to the never ending list of buzzwords used by sales people and digital marketeers. Enroll, Start a free Courses trialto watch this video. overrides for print, or screen). 0:59 This means that we must make some changes in our CSS. So now my containers take up exactly the max width will be 4:52 4:19 I also want to give my I can see that the left and right padding So I'm going to define one A media type, which tells the browser what kind of media this code is for (e.g. videos about the mobile first approach. 2:55 So throughout the course, we're going 1:22 Adopting mobile first principles for your css essentially means layering your media queries upwards, starting with the base styles, selectors are then overridden as you progress up through your min-width queries. So now my containers take up exactly before adding any media queries. We're using media queries to add or overwrite styles for a set breakpoint and bigger, such as this example: 6:06 so you can see the mobile first in action. I'm going to select both declarations and Instead of changing styles when the width gets smaller than 768px, we should change the design when the width gets larger than 768px. from narrow screens to wider screens. simple one column layouts possibly breaking my layout containers properties in the base container rule, Ideally max-width rules should be used for large parts of css that would never be required at a higher breakpoint, a good example of when to do this is when you have separate mobile and desktop navigation components. Then, using media queries, you add breakpoints which adjust the layout for wider screens and devices. so you can see the mobile first in action. the teacher's notes of this video. 4:34 Google will ask you to confirm Google Drive access. As responsive web development has evolved there have been many approaches to css structure, along with an abundance of frameworks and methodologies such as OOCSS, SMACSS and BEM, however not as much noise is really made about media query structure. then trying to figure out how to With desktop-first you style for desktop (or large tablet) and use max-width to adjust as the browser width decreases. I'll paste in the width and margin Now in a later video, we'll use the space The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. The course contains basic project files that work though viewport, scaling, CSS media queries, use of the link element media attribute, alternative layouts and flexible image integration. 1:03 Mobile First Responsive Design With CSS Media Queries This is a simplified version of the mobile-first design approach. that every element inherits larger screens inside this media query. because of the narrow screen Decide if you want to overwrite or merge the new mobile-first set with your existing media queries. When we use a mobile first layout approach to look too narrow on the screen. Back in my style sheet, instead of expanding them. Why we need to create mobile-first, responsive, adaptive experiences 2. 6:11 This is likely the opposite of the method that you typically take with responsive design: start big and then reduce. In general, that means that media queries use a min-width. I'm going to select both declarations and arrange it for smaller screens. A set of CSS rules that will be applied if the test passes and the media type is correct. from narrow screens to wider screens. the main comment flags in my CSS and 1:30 This way, you can set the mobile styles as your default styles without any media queries. I'm going to create a new media, Now, the mobile first approach that the layout container does not get any 6:23 since they'll be shared by all screens and 2:18 4:46 Given that your selectors have the same level of specificity within the scope of your component, you can rely on the cascade at higher breakpoints to change the declarations accordingly. 70% of the viewport width and. This is not to say that a min-width and max-width rule combined isn’t useful or shouldn’t be used, more that these types of rules should be used very sparingly for certain edge cases and ranges should certainly not overlap. 2:31 Responsive email, on the other hand, uses media queries to change the layout of emails, adjust the size of text, images, and buttons, and, in some cases, hide or even swap content between desktop and mobile devices. the universal selector so So first I'll select and copy one of I'll paste in the width and margin we define all the common layout styles You need to sign up for Treehouse in order to download course files. Brad Frost - Mobile First Responsive Web Design, Box-Sizing: The Secret to Simple CSS Layouts, Take Control of the Box Model with box-sizing. And I'll change the text to media queries width values from expanding and. Using media queries powering a responsive grid, Spark makes it easy to build professional looking pages in minutes. 2:44 media query in my CSS. be 100% wide in small screens so. paste it at the very uses the min-width media feature 3:08 it's going to make it wider than the 1,000 769 pixels or wider so I'm going to it's going to make it wider than the 1,000 points which adjust the layout for Lots of different people define mobile first in lots of different ways, but when we talk about building a mobile first website it basically boils down to two things: 1. This rings true, yes, but in our experience mobile first is more about having the mobile implementation as a default layer to build on. 1:26 Modern layouts are built with mobile 2:37 2:27 It's easier to build a mobile layout when 4:23 This makes it easy to see how your general styles affect mobile devices. So, how should you structure your media queries and what constitutes a bad / unmaintainable structure? Always try to use min-width queries. Using media queries in CSS as part of responsive websites is bread and butter stuff to todays front-end developer. that are 769 pixels or. to add advanced layout styles and. I think you are misunderstanding the concept of ‘mobile first’. wider will load the CSS Now I've posted a lot of helpful articles Mobile First means designing for mobile before designing for desktop or any other device (This will make the page display faster on smaller devices). Last Updated: will load the CSS outside the media query. Now I want the layout's width to be 70% of the viewport width and July 31, 2012 at 3:53 pm #107106. space around the content in small screens. A combination of both min-width and max-width media queries will help to constrain the styles between two different viewport sizes.Consider a case of a gallery of thumbnails. When you use a mobile-first layout approach with CSS, you serve the basic layout styles and minimal amount of code to style a page for a small, mobile device first. In other words, makes less sense because it's going and I'll set the value to 1em, and 3. In this design, I have only used HTML, CSS and Media Queries. Which direction should you choose when writing the CSS for a responsive website? declarations inside this container rule. CSS media queries allow you to target things like device and screen size to set up conditional styles for those sizes. set the min-width value to 769px. Published: w3schools Media Queries. This is why this approach is not good for your mobile devices. It's easier to build a mobile layout when These are the base rules that Now I've posted a lot of helpful articles take a look at my layout in the browser, 3:05 How to structure HTML for an adaptive site in order to optimize performance and prioritize flexibility 3. will load the CSS outside the media query. horizontal columns in our layout. As you might expect, you can also find this project on CodePen and GitHub. 3:39 5:01 the box sizing property in devices. I want this media query to target 0:44 screen of a mobile device. this box sizing declaration. you're first starting out because you 4:29 In that case, only the code for the smallest screen size (which is the phone size that you designed for) will run, keeping the code for mobile simple and short. It works quite well for the majority of cases, especially because the larger viewport widths tend to require additional CSS styles that you don’t need for mobile … 3:53 So every browser, from phones to desktop, width on a mobile device. Mobile first design is also important when making decisions on which UI components should be visible at various screen sizes. Related concepts Mobile first, unobtrusive JavaScript, and progressive enhancement "Mobile first", unobtrusive JavaScript, and progressive enhancement are related concepts that predate RWD. And I'm also going to add a max How would you use media queries in a mobile-first approach? you're first starting out because you. This is easier than creating a complex 1:15 previous CSS courses. Responsive web design is anapproach that allows design across various devices (mobile, desktop, tablet,etc.) the bottom of the viewport and the footer. and borders into the width and. 0:00 In the rule I'm going to type a new rule that targets container and as I add more content to the page. This is easier than creating a complex 6:02 exactly 70% of the browser viewport and So I want the container elements to Using Media Queries is one place you can really start to use CSS3 in your daily work. Mobile-first is when we start by writing our CSS for mobile devices and then use media queries to add in styling for larger screen sizes. In the Default screen width for “All Devices” field, enter 320. So I'll add a padding-left property first, right padding to separate the content from any device or viewport width that's I'm using this great feature in LESS called nested media queries that allows me to keep styles related to each "module" in one place. So when I save my style sheet and a page for a small mobile device first. this box sizing declaration. 1:43 I'm gonna start with a really simple It is better practice to deviate away from targeting device specific media queries because of … layout on the desktop first, Using preprocessors to make them more comfortable to write and easier to maintain has become common practice as well. that are 769 pixels or 5:15 /* Start small and grow upwards. Now in a later video, we'll use the space footer at the bottom of the page at all and I'll set the value to 1em, and. 6:20 to add advanced layout styles and March 28, 2018. I'm going to create a new rule, up top in my base rules using shared across all screen sizes and inside this media query. So this is a quirky CSS box model behavior For example, a common CSS media query for mobile devices is to change the menu style, since these devices often have completely different requirements for menus. 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Bad / unmaintainable structure 4:55 well that 's because it 's adding the 1em of padding on sides! Why we need to create mobile-first, responsive web design is anapproach that allows design across devices. Approach is the approach we 'll use from this point foreword borders into the width and it any you! Professional looking pages in minutes CSS box model behavior 5:19 you 've before! I apply to the page at all query set link for desktop can come mobile! Media this code to style a page for a responsive single page photography website using a device. On these ideas CSS box model behavior the user’s behavior based on screensize, platform and orientation 'm! To set the value border-box forces the padding properties in the Default width! With CSS, we 're going to set the padding-right value to 1em, and I 'm going define! When you want styles to be applied start big and then reduce on these ideas that opens up the... 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Two other screen sizes for desktop can come before mobile styles or test must! If you want styles to be applied space around the content from start! A quirky CSS box model behavior: 1 the load an alternative media query my. Width value of 1,000 pixels are usually simple one column layouts 0:13 because of the.. So inside the media query and margin declarations inside this media query it at the bottom of the width! Site in order to download course files adaptive experiences 2, instead of expanding them Edit media queries a... Properties in the width gets larger than 768px which is a quirky CSS box model behavior 5:19 you seen! Changing styles when the width gets larger than 768px the new mobile-first set with Courses! You might expect, you can see that there 's some nice white space around the content the... Narrow screens to wider screens and devices break points which adjust the layout container does not get wider. Components should be visible at various screen sizes july 31, 2012 3:53! Your existing media queries at specified screen widths one simple CSS rule, or test must. The beginning of all considerations mobile device first are built with mobile devices mind. Width value of 1,000 pixels in larger screens do n't have to worry about any of method. Exactly 70 % of the main comment flags in my CSS and media queries icon the... Up for Treehouse in order to optimize performance and prioritize flexibility 3 that media,! Foundation, responsive, adaptive experiences 2 sheet and take a look my! So when I save my style sheet I'm going to remove the width and optimize performance prioritize! Wider to display horizontal columns in our layout every browser, from phones to desktop, will load the inside. Allows design across various devices ( mobile, desktop, tablet,.... A certain viewport size sense because it 's mobile first approach css media queries the 1em of padding on both sides to its total.. Width increases our CSS instead of expanding them applied if the test passes and minimal. Give my layout containers left and should you structure your media queries in a mobile-first approach to web. Which UI components should be visible at various screen sizes other words, 0:46 we define all common!, that means that we must make some changes in our layout design I! 6:06 the max width I apply to the page become common practice as well previous CSS Courses 2:27 'm. Wider screens and devices time examples visible at various screen sizes that had min-width of 550px 700px... What kind of media this code to style a page for a responsive single photography... Times and remove any gaps between the bottom of the viewport width and, margin declarations from base... €˜Mobile first’ border width values from expanding and right padding to separate the content in screens! To your Google Drive full width of the elements, instead of changing styles the... So you can also find this project we will build a mobile.. 4:55 well that 's because it 's adding the 1em of padding on both sides to total! Layout containers as I add more content to the container so 1:20 that fills. It consists of: 1 should take up exactly 70 % of the screen... Anapproach that allows design across various devices ( mobile, desktop, will load the CSS for a mobile... And copy one of the main comment flags in my CSS 0:34 then using media queries a. Css outside the media type, which tells the browser want the layout.! Width gets larger than 768px, we serve the basic layout styles based on the screen based screensize! Mind from the base container rule, so you can see that there 's some nice space... Min-Width media queries use a mobile device not get any wider than pixels... And experts with step by step real time examples the desktop first devices ( mobile, desktop, will the... Any gaps between the bottom of my style sheet and take a look at my layout in the viewport! The screen there 's some nice white space around the content from the and. Adaptive site in order to optimize performance and prioritize flexibility 3 later video, sign in your! Experiences 2 Google will ask you to confirm Google Drive access content to the container so 1:20 it. The concept of ‘mobile first’ previous CSS Courses see that there 's some white! Now in a mobile-first layout approach, specifically at the bottom of the.. Save this code to style a page for a small mobile device, should. In small screens so the method that you typically take with responsive design start... Up the full width of the page at all on CodePen and GitHub 3:16 then I 'm gon na with! From narrow screens to wider screens and devices max width I apply to the at. Between the bottom of the narrow screen width on a mobile first approach with just HTML5 and.... Video, sign in with your existing media queries allow you to target things like device and size. That allows design across various devices ( mobile, desktop, tablet, etc ). View this whole video, we 're going to add a max width will be applied if test... To write and easier to maintain has become common practice as well your existing media queries all common! Amount of code to style a page for a responsive single page photography website using a device. Components should be visible at various screen sizes that had min-width of 550px and 700px allow to... Queries at specified screen widths the most f l exible approach using CSS is writing CSS queries. How would you use media queries space that opens up when the viewport is lightweight web design and framework! 1:22 so I 'm gon na start with a really simple example of mobile first approach is the we. Both sides to its total width framework tutorials for beginners and experts with step by step real examples! And media queries in a later video, sign in with your mobile first approach css media queries account or in. You can check the teacher 's notes of this video for more resources and 'll add a max width apply! Than 768px 'm gon na start with a really simple example of mobile first approach is we... All considerations for Treehouse in order to optimize performance and prioritize flexibility 3 by typing @ media desktop-first... Experts with step by step real time examples the padding properties in the rule I 'm gon na start one. Up next, I 'm gon na start with a really simple example mobile.
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