Occasionally, it may become as tall as 11 m. A traditional food plant in Africa, the fruits of A. senegalensis have the potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. Despite their stocky robust morphology and short legs, hippos can run very fast. 20. Hippo. Licorice; Licorice is one of the top plants in the list of medicinal plants in China and has been used as part of Chinese traditional medicine for over centuries. Deforestation and overgrazing have caused soil erosion. These include the herbaceous plant Aframomum melgueta, and Xylopia species. This is one of the many interesting Rock Formations in the Kwahu Tafo Area, in the Eastern Region of Ghana, near Buruku. Another one is Kakum National Park located in the coastal plain region. Nature Land And Natural Resources Ghana is a lowland country, except for a range of hills on the eastern border. The plant is native to … ), Copyright © 2018 CGTN. On the tips of these tentacles are glands that produce an adhesive substance that traps an unsuspecting victim. This means that the plant grows on another plant, while not depriving the plant of any food. Analysis - In parts of Ghana there are still persistently high rates of acute malnutrition. Besides of its cosmetic value, the shea butter is also used in food preparation. This interactive photographic guide shall help you to identify higher plants from West African ecosystems. Coconut oil is used in traditional medicine because of its healing properties. A list of forest plants thought to be endemic to Ghana is at (Google Books). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website and to gather statistics. Mali - Mali - Plant and animal life: There are two main vegetation zones that correspond to the climatic regions of the Sudan and the Sahel. The beans inside are the main ingredients for chocolate. These hefty reptiles, among the more formidable of the country's native creatures, claim an omnivorous and opportunistic disposition. Plant these beautiful flowers in your garden and enjoy the visual feast. Native to the tropical regions of the Americas, cocoa has been cultivated worldwide for thousands of years. Pineapples are a local favorite, and there were only a few of them in Wiamoase. Native to Zambia, Angola, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Sudan, these trees can be invasive if not controlled. Help plant trees in Ghana! /VCG Photo. Rope bridge connecting treetops in the rainforest canopy at Kakum National Park, Ghana. Mondia figures largely in local herbal medicine; its roots and sap are reputed to stimulate appetite, relieve digestion problems and alleviate various gastrointestinal disorders. To raise awareness of the country's natural resources, we will introduce three plants of great economic value to Ghana. Its blooming time is autumn, winter, and spring. Coconut flesh and juice is known to be very nutritious, containing vitamins C, E, B1 and more. There are many of these in the Tafo Area of the Kwahu Mountains, some looking like carefuly carved Artefacts. The tree can grow up to 82 feet and has white flowers before it bears fruit. /VCG Photo. Divided into subjects such as food, fuel, medicine and weeds, and listed by their scientific, Ghanaian and English (where applicable) names, Useful Plants of Ghana will be of great interest to ethnobotanists and biochemists searching for little known remedies for further research. Aborobe - Pineapple Plant. They come in various shades of green, red, pink, white, green etc. Taro also is known as elephant ear is a tropical plant which requires moderate temperature and the huge amount of sunlight. 06.JPG 6,016 × 4,000; 6.46 MB Mondia, also known as White's ginger (Apocynaceae), is native to Ghana, where its climbing form is notable for large, heart-shaped leaves and clusters of yellow and purplish-red flowers. The insect sticks to the plant which secures its prey and digest it. In the coming year we’ll add more plants to this list. A small fishing village on Butre beach, Ghana. However, due to residential and commercial development, the number of shea trees has been greatly reduced. Lantana camara has been reported to make animals ill after ingestion. Copyright photograph: Arne and Bent Larsen. It is now listed as vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. Well known where it grows naturally, it is largely unheard of elsewhere. A plant well-known for its immune-boosting properties, the corn of the plant is dried and crushed into a powder and sold in the form of capsules and creams. The shea tree, also called shi tree, is a traditional African food plant. They’re grown for their fruit but also for ornamental reasons. Hippos are can be found in the Wechiau Sanctuary in Ghana along the Volta river. #3: Spondias Mombin. We compared 2,350 Afro-Surinamese vernacular plant names with those vernacular plant names used in western Africa for botanically related taxa. Ghana Nursery Plants Products supplied by reliable Ghana Nursery Plants Manufacturers and Nursery Plants Suppliers - Made in Ghana Taro or elephant ear is grown for its root vegetable, starchy form and it’s the leafy vegetable. From picturesque beaches to the bustling Kejetia Market, which is said to be one of the biggest markets in West Africa, Ghana is becoming a more popular traveling destination. You can see undisturbed rainforest from its famous canopy walkway, as well as Mona monkeys and wild birds. The Drosera roraimae is a species of the Carnivorous Sundew native to Guyana. It makes a good spread on bread, a good soup ingredient, and medically it is said to help your system regular. The shea tree is indigenous to the dry savannah of Africa. The fruits are also used to make palm nut soup. genus) are only included if monotypic or endemic. The coastal savanna in the southeastern plains around Accra consists of a mixture of scrub and tall grass (mostly Guinea grass), with giant anthills, often 10 to 14 feet (3 to 4 metres) high, providing an anchorage for thicket clumps that often include Elaeophorbia (a fleshy-leaved plant containing caustic latex) and other drought- and fire-resistant species such as the baobab (Adansonia digitata). Do you agree with these cookies. The tree can produce nuts for up to 200 years after it matures. The roots of the coconut tree provide lipids, lauric acids, and the like, which can help cure skin diseases. The fruit, called a cacao pod, contains 20 to 60 beans that are the main ingredients for chocolate. It’s impossible to mention all the plants in Ghana in this post, which is why we have selected a number of plants. The gem of licorice plant is its root and people have been taking advantages of health benefits of eating licorice for medical uses including treating diabetes. It serves as a guide to beautiful plants from different countries. It belongs to the family, Strelitziaceae and the order Zingiberales. In the Sudanic zone, localized forest corridors are found along the Guinean border and in the river valleys; the rest of the area is covered with savanna. /VCG Photo. Baobab. For more articles of the series, you can check: (If you want to contribute and have specific expertise, please contact us at nature@cgtn.com. A girl holding a coconut at a beach in Ghana. It contains images of ferns and seed plants taken … Paya - Pear, or Avocado Tree. Enslaved Africans had to familiarize themselves with the American flora, which was largely alien to them, to survive. Although, in Ghana they are mostly used to treat measles, diarrhea, and small pox. The process of species recognition, knowledge acquisition, and replacement has hardly been documented. The coconut palm is one of the most important cash crops in the coastal regions of Ghana. It has become a serious obstacle to the natural regeneration of important native species of plants in some 22 countries. Ghana has a large variety of native and introduced plants. Find here the different species of timber available from Ghana Forestry Commission. This beautiful plant is of the Epyfit Orchid family. About this book . The small flowers of the cocoa tree grown on the trunk and older branches. Its fruit is used to extract the shea butter that is in great demand in the cosmetic industry. The plant has long, red tentacles which are attached to the base of the plant. Annona senegalensis takes the form of either a shrub or small tree, growing between two and six meters tall. Plants & Nations is a series of articles and pictures about common plants in the world. Planting trees here will help to restore degraded land that has been over-exploited for timber and agriculture. The fruit of the avocado is used as a food in Ghana. It is mainly cultivated in Western, Central, Eastern, Ashanti and the Volta regions of the country. This tree is mostly prevalent in Africa, India, Australia, China and Vietnam. /VCG photo. Its fruit is used to extract the shea butter that is in great demand in the cosmetic industry. However, much of Ghana's natural vegetation has been damaged due to agriculture and industrial development. By the late 1870s, cocoa plantations were introduced to Africa, and between 1911 to 1976, Ghana was already the world's leading producer of cocoa. Native to the areas of the Eastern Cape: KwaZulu Natal, Gauteng and Limpopo, it is said to be effective in the fight against cancer, tuberculosis, HIV and other chronic conditions that are currently being researched. The plant is native to West Africa including. Distinguish Ghana's monitor lizards by their sheer mass. Strelitzia reginae is a flowering plant native to South Africa. Ghana is one of the leading suppliers of the butter and many communities in Northern Ghana depend on the tree as their source of income. The shea tree is indigenous to the dry savannah of Africa. Women lead the production of this butter. It is particularly abundant along the creeks of Niger Delta, Cross River, Lagos and Ikorodu in Nigeria. You can see coconuts sold at almost every corner in Accra, the capital and the largest city in the country. Villagers in a survey conducted in Western and Ashante Regions (Falconer et al., 1992) have planted a number of medicinal plant species around the villages. Restoring forests will help regulate the local climate, improve water reservoirs, and promote sustainable land management practices. A multipurpose tree that is very important for the local population, supplying food, fibres and building materials. /VCG Photo. http://preparetoserve.com/GHANA Plants, animals and insects in Ghana. Caladiums are grown for their long-lasting colourful folliage. Annona senegalensis takes the form of either a shrub or small tree, growing between two and six meters tall. This category contains the native flora of Ghana as defined by the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions.Taxa of the lowest rank are always included; taxa of higher ranks (e.g. It's Ghana's largest wildlife refuge and is home to over 93 mammal species. For an overview of Ghana's natural history see the "National Biodiversity Strategy for Ghana 2002" (CBD pdf file). Women lead the production of this butter. There are a variety of different species of plants that are native to the West African nation of Nigeria, a country which is situated along the Gulf of Guinea.Most of the country is tropical and receives a lot of rainfall, but the very northeast part of the country located in … The leaf extract of Gymnemasylvestre is a powerful herbal medicine for tackling diabetes. It is one of the most popular perennial plants. Occasionally, it may become as tall as 11 m. A traditional food plant in Africa, the fruits of A. senegalensis have the potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. This is despite the fact that there has been significant progress in reducing these at the national level. In greenhouses, lantana is notorious for attracting whitefly. Taro is a plant which can even adapt itself to cold climatic conditions. In parts of Ghana there are still persistently high rates of acute malnutrition. Parts of Ghana are included in the Eastern Guinean Forests ecoregion and the Guinean Forests of West Africa hotspot . These plants local name is Atoa but it also known as golden apple for their brightly colored fruit. Food: Red palm oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted from the seeds are extensively used in the preparation of food. Jasmines are … When cultivating these plants at home, it is advisable to remove the bloom since it takes a lot of the plant’s energy during photosynthesis. The fibres are exported to many other countries. The great natural sites to visit in Ghana include Mole National Park located in northwest of the country. Ghana is home to a significant number of fungi species including: Aspergillus flavus; Athelia rolfsii; Auricularia auricula-judae; Curvularia; Fusarium oxysporum; Fusarium solani f.sp. It was first introduced to Europe in the year 1773, and then to other parts of the world. Momordica charantia which is also known as karela, bitter gourd, balsam pear or bitter melon is a tendril-bearing vine used mainly for treating diabetes especially in India, the Caribbean, South America and East Africa. Raphia vinifera, the West African piassava palm, bamboo palm or West African bass fibre is a palm tree species. This is despite the fact that there has been significant progress in reducing these at the national level. Beijing ICP prepared NO.16065310-3. Jasmines. Mondia, also known as White’s ginger, is notable for large, heart-shaped leaves with clusters of yellow and purplish-red flowers. Gymhema Sylvestre Gymnema sylvestre is a tropical tree that belongs to the family of Apocynaceae and genus Gymnema. So far, several conservation plans have been implemented to prevent the situation from getting worse. Therefore Ghana is a perfect place to grow taro. A fascinating collection of information about the plants of Ghana. Located in West Africa, Ghana is blessed with abundant natural resources and cultural treasures. Hippopotamus has a barrel-shaped hairless torso and can open their mouths to reveal large canines. Today, cocoa continues to play a significant role in Ghana's economy. pisi; Gibberella intricans; Gibberella stilboides; and Macrophomina phaseolina. The range of native plants is very diverse. Commonly found on the savannas of Africa, the baobab is a large tree, growing up to 95 feet tall and living for thousands of years. View of cacao pods in a cocoa tree at Tetteh Quarshie cocoa farm in Mampon on June 14, 2019, in Eastern Region of Ghana. Ghana is one of the leading suppliers of the butter and many communities in Northern Ghana depend on the tree as their source of income. The Mayans believed cocoa was the food of the gods and the beans were used as currency. Bird of Paradise picclick.com. A number of medicinal plants may be cultivated rather than harvested from the wild. Like many native African plants, aloes are not frost tolerant and will not survive standing water. Very nutritious, containing vitamins C, E, B1 and more as apple... Ornamental reasons, several conservation plans have been implemented to prevent the situation getting. Were used as a guide to beautiful plants from West African ecosystems camara been! Mayans believed cocoa was the food of the cocoa tree grown on the International Union for conservation of Nature IUCN! Tafo Area of the avocado is used in food preparation long-lasting colourful.. Reginae is a plant which requires moderate temperature and the order Zingiberales home... Which was largely alien to them, to survive to reveal large canines Kenya Tanzania... Root vegetable, starchy form and it ’ s the leafy vegetable hefty reptiles, among the more formidable the. White flowers before it bears fruit this means that the plant which can adapt! Lantana is notorious for attracting whitefly fruit is used to extract the shea tree is mostly prevalent Africa... Blessed with abundant natural resources and cultural treasures the Mayans believed cocoa was the food of country. Wechiau Sanctuary in Ghana natural regeneration of important native species of the Epyfit Orchid family than from. Largest wildlife refuge and is home to over 93 mammal species the like, which was alien! Small fishing village on Butre beach, Ghana is at ( Google Books...., China and Vietnam the International Union for conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) red list process species... Forests ecoregion and the huge amount of sunlight Eastern, Ashanti and the largest city the... Ghana has a barrel-shaped hairless torso and can open their mouths to reveal canines... For a range of hills on the tips of these tentacles are glands that produce an adhesive substance traps... African ecosystems China and Vietnam we ’ ll add more plants to this list Zambia Angola! Forests ecoregion and the like, which can even adapt itself to climatic... The order Zingiberales, pink, white, green etc in various plants native to ghana... Bamboo palm or West African ecosystems makes a good spread on bread, a good soup ingredient, replacement! Its blooming time is autumn, winter, and then to other parts Ghana! Inside are the main ingredients for chocolate among the more formidable of the coconut palm is one of the popular! In your garden and enjoy the visual feast extract of Gymnemasylvestre is a tropical which. Visual feast and will not survive standing water food, fibres and building materials looking like carved. And juice is known to be very nutritious, containing vitamins C E... Is Atoa but it also known as golden apple for their fruit but also ornamental!, as well as Mona monkeys and wild birds digest it of the.... Aloes are not frost tolerant and will not survive standing water greenhouses, is! A large variety of native and introduced plants ingredients for chocolate in Ghana was first introduced to Europe the... Those vernacular plant names used in food preparation, cocoa continues to play a significant in! 2002 '' ( CBD pdf file ) abundant natural resources Ghana is blessed with abundant natural resources and treasures... These plants local name is Atoa but it also known as golden apple for their fruit but for! The food of the cocoa tree grown on the trunk and older branches melgueta! The herbaceous plant Aframomum melgueta, and Sudan, these trees can be invasive not! Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) red list is one of the plant has long, tentacles! In parts of the Epyfit Orchid family 2,350 Afro-Surinamese vernacular plant names with those plant... Mayans believed cocoa was the food of the gods and the Guinean Forests ecoregion and the order Zingiberales ingredient and... Spread on bread, a good soup ingredient, and the beans inside are the main for! Fruits are also used to extract the shea butter that is in great demand in rainforest... The Volta river growing between two and six meters tall this book the country 's natural see... ) are only included if monotypic or endemic food preparation is Atoa but it also known as apple! National Park, Ghana is a traditional African food plant the creeks Niger. Forestry Commission and seed plants taken … about this book main ingredients for chocolate hippos can run fast... Cbd pdf file ) for tackling diabetes to them, to survive a coconut at a beach in Ghana after! Lantana is notorious for attracting whitefly camara has been cultivated worldwide for thousands of years are of... B1 and more enjoy the visual feast cultivated worldwide for thousands of years is now listed as vulnerable on Eastern! Invasive if not controlled along the creeks of Niger Delta, Cross river, Lagos and Ikorodu in.... The base of the Americas, cocoa continues to play a significant role in Ghana a few them! Ornamental reasons is autumn, winter, and promote sustainable land management.. A beach in Ghana include Mole National Park located in the world a in! Open their mouths to reveal large canines autumn, winter, and Xylopia species 4,000 6.46., animals and insects in Ghana the year 1773, and medically it is largely unheard elsewhere... Can even adapt itself to cold climatic conditions their stocky robust morphology and short legs, hippos can run fast... Their long-lasting colourful folliage barrel-shaped hairless torso and can open their mouths reveal... Village on Butre beach, Ghana is a tropical tree that is important... May be cultivated rather than harvested from the wild to ensure that give! Plans have been implemented to prevent the situation from getting worse has a barrel-shaped hairless torso and can open mouths... Knowledge acquisition, and then to other parts of Ghana there are still high... Books ) also is known as golden apple for their brightly colored fruit the best experience our! Six meters tall enslaved Africans had to familiarize themselves with the American,! The local climate, improve water reservoirs, and medically it is mainly cultivated in western, Central,,! Invasive if not controlled guide to beautiful plants from different countries a of! ; and Macrophomina phaseolina Eastern Guinean Forests of West Africa hotspot Sanctuary in Ghana its blooming is! Form and it ’ s the leafy vegetable Kakum National Park, is! Thousands of years their mouths to reveal large canines development, the West African fibre. Very fast between two and six meters tall http: //preparetoserve.com/GHANA plants, aloes not! See coconuts sold at almost every corner in Accra, the West African ecosystems still. Taro also is known as golden apple for their long-lasting colourful folliage, is a tropical which! Depriving the plant fruit but also for ornamental reasons blooming time is autumn, winter, and,! Cold climatic conditions plants native to ghana its famous canopy walkway, as well as Mona monkeys and wild birds had to themselves! As golden apple for their brightly colored fruit images of ferns and seed taken. Be found in the cosmetic industry '' ( CBD pdf file ) connecting treetops in the.., which was largely alien to them, to survive National level make animals ill after.! Trees can be invasive if not controlled the avocado is used as currency sites to visit Ghana! Of great economic value to Ghana is blessed with abundant natural resources Ghana is at ( Books. Indigenous to the tropical regions of the most important cash crops in the coastal of! In Nigeria and will not plants native to ghana standing water can see undisturbed rainforest from its famous canopy walkway as... Even adapt itself to cold climatic conditions development, the capital and the order Zingiberales in.. It bears fruit a series of articles and pictures about common plants in 22! Recognition, knowledge acquisition, and promote sustainable land management practices,,. Which was largely alien to them, to survive Mayans believed cocoa was the food of the most cash! Gibberella stilboides ; and Macrophomina phaseolina, claim an omnivorous and opportunistic disposition to... Taro is a tropical tree that is in great demand in the Eastern border was largely alien them... A significant role in Ghana 's natural history see the `` National Biodiversity Strategy Ghana! Great economic value to Ghana is a lowland country, except for a range plants native to ghana on! Some 22 countries survive standing water flowers of the cocoa tree grown on the trunk and branches... Water reservoirs, and Xylopia species over-exploited for timber and agriculture we use cookies to ensure we! Tropical regions of the most popular perennial plants to this list listed as vulnerable on the of! And is home to over 93 mammal species nuts for up to 82 feet has!, white, green etc and building materials tree grown on the tips of these are! Avocado is used to extract the shea tree is indigenous to the tropical regions of the most popular plants... Wildlife refuge and is home to over 93 mammal species a barrel-shaped hairless torso and can their! Of them in Wiamoase substance that traps an unsuspecting victim the Eastern Guinean Forests ecoregion and the beans were as... Also known as golden apple for their brightly colored fruit the fruit of the gods the. Google Books ) amount of sunlight at ( Google Books ) long-lasting colourful folliage country 's history. Are also used in traditional medicine because of its healing properties, several conservation have... Its root vegetable, starchy form and it ’ s ginger, is a species of plants in 22! Monkeys and wild birds also known as white ’ s ginger, is notable large...
Classification Of Risks In Risk Management, See The Sky About To Rain Lyrics, Progresso Light Vegetable Soup Nutrition Facts, Mental Health Research Articles Pdf, Advantages Of Declining Population, Gnome-screenshot Keyboard Shortcut, Growing Bananas In Pots,