We do not run cold, wet air through a grain drying system. Corn is grown in every county in Kentucky, with a major portion of the acreage in Western Kentucky. If you want to find out when your favorite fruit (strawberries, apples, blueberries, peaches, etc. The red line is the daily maximum air temperature, the light blue line is the minimum daily temperature (degrees on the left axis) and the dark blue bars are precipitation (inches on the right axis). pickyourown.org does not charge either farmers or consumers! Corn Grain Dry Down in Field from Maturity to Harvest. In California, corn that is destined for the fresh market is typically harvested at night, and in the video below, you can see an example of this. luvtohunt, Oct 16, 2020. luvtohunt, Oct 16, 2020 #6. Late planted corn is late harvested corn. )or vegetable (tomatoes, peas, peppers, squash) and many more crops - is ready to harvest in your local area, then this page is for you. Good germination and emer-gence are likely when soil temperature at a 2-inch depth is 55 F by 9 a.m. for three consecutive days and the short-term That air is usually above 100○F, dry and blown at a high rate of fan capacity. Purdue University. Corn starts to be ground up and damaged a bit when it’s that wet running through the combine. ), June 1 to July 15 and October 1 to Barring a sudden and dramatic shift in the current weather, corn harvest in Kentucky will be late. October 10. Corn (Zea mays L.) grown in Kentucky is used mainly for livestock feed (60 percent) and as a cash crop. When to Pick Corn. best. www.pickyourown.org but NOT to copy content and republish it. Insecti-cide seed treatments are applied with the planter. Corn development is mainly related to temperature and not day length; therefore, corn can be planted earlier in the spring than other field crops. In addition, daylength is getting shorter, so there will be less sun to help with the drying. Drying soybeans from 18% to 13% removes 3.7 lb of water per bushel, which is about the same as drying corn from 20.3% to 15% (Table 1). November 15, May 15 to July 1 and September 1 to In a double-crop-ping system, however, significant profit potential exists for … Table 1. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Above is the2020 version ofthe Ball Blue Book, This page was updated on Today is probably the best quality that mature corn will be. document.write(": " + mydate + ""); Those copying content from this website and publishing it will be vigorously legally prosecuted. All in all, 5% of the nation’s corn crop was harvested the week ending September 9, 2018. Amount of water in a bushel of corn and soybean at different moisture levels. are available! Kentucky Corn is Grown for Feed, Food, Fuel, & Fun. you go! The fall corn harvest seems to typically last an average of 2 months, however, this number also varies (as seen by Texas’ three and a half month harvest). Figure 1. mydate = dateModified.slice(0,10); Kentucky' for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and other crops. The average yield was 63 bushels per acre. Still Approximate - weather affects the dates, so always call before Martinez-Feria, R., M. Licht and S. Archontoulis. In 2019, there were 10 days with a maximum temperature over 95○F. Census data reveal that the average harvested cropland for Kentucky tobacco farms is 22 acres. In 1991, 83.8 million tons were harvested in the United States --55 percent of all the hay harvested in the United States. Once you've harvested your corn, you'll have plenty to use for baking or decoration! Corn acrea… The past two seasons are demonstrating those extremes. The local ethanol planted wanted corn early in 2011. or double-crop wheat and soybeans or 100 acres of corn to generate the same net return to land, capital and management of 5 acres of burley tobacco. The Presto Pressure donation to help me pay to keep the website going, please make a donation to me We harvested about 40 acres near 30% and didn’t harvest anything else until 3 weeks later. The highest average yield for Kentucky occurred in 2016, at 80 bushels per acre. dark green = available;      light If it was a harvested bean field I’d move into the woods. Corn is drying slowly in fields across Kentucky this year. The geography of Kentucky is varied, including Appalachian foothills in the east, bluegrass areas in the central region and hills in the western part of the state. Perhaps farmers give corn a few more days this week to dry and then harvest as many acres as possible before the next rounds of rain. Harvest corn when the ears are at the peak of perfection. Waiting for all the acres of corn to reach 16% moisture or less is probably not likely to occur without severe degradation of grain quality. Click the image below for a complete weather forecast. Field Drydown of Mature Corn Grain. Corn in the field will not improve in quality the longer it stays in the field. This increases potential losses to corn borers late in the season. Because of the wet spring and early summer, corn planting was delayed in many corn fields. Those shorter days and cooler temperatures will slow dry-down of the corn kernels. Cool, cloudy days slow down grain drying in the field. 47 Kentucky farmers have not widely harvested wheat above 15 percent moisture content. In 2019, corn dried quickly in the field. Corn is drying slowly in fields across Kentucky this year. var dateModified = document.lastModified; Average yield is forecast at 169 bushels per acre. https://crops.extension.iastate.edu/cropnews/2017/09/corn-grain-dry-down-field-maturity-harvest, Nielsen, R.L. According to NASS surveys, this is the largest crop ever produced in the commonwealth. The contrast is even greater. Broilers – Chicken meat is Kentucky’s No. While each of these could be factors, the overwhelming factor in corn drying this year is the weather. Knowing when to pick corn is one of the most important factors for a … Bright sunshine and gentle winds further enhance field drying. http://weather.uky.edu/ky/data.php#Spindletop_Farm_Data. Corn is harvested when the tassles turn brown and the cobs stand out from the stem at a 30 degree angle. Warmer, drier air will dry corn grain faster than cooler and/or wetter air whether the corn is in the bin or still in the field. Chad Lee, Plant and Soil Sciences Chad.Lee@uky.eduSam McNeill, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Sam.McNeill@uky.eduGrain and Forage Center of Excellence, University of Kentucky. About Corn in Kentucky. Comparing the weather from September 1 to October 8 in 2019 and 2020 at Lexington, KY, Campbellsville, KY Somerset, KY, and Paducah, KY. If you'd like to make a Corn production for 2019 was reported at 245 million bushels as of January 10, 2020. Sitemap. The limits of drying in both situations is dictated by the equilibrium moisture content, which is shown for different temperature and relative humidity levels in Table 1. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images The light green indicates light crops at the beginning or end of a © Copyright Benivia, LLC 2008-2020   Pick and husk your corn using the proper technique, then store your corn by freezing, canning, or drying it. Alternating weather that dries grain and then adds water back to the grain usually results in lower test weights, more shattering and poorer grain quality. Once black layer or physiological maturity occurs, water loss occurs from evaporation through the kernels. green = sometimes / some farms;      White or gray = Temperatures are likely to progressively get cooler. Venues: Farms, Wineries, Orchards for your event, wedding or party, Bed and Breakfasts on Farms, Wineries, Ranches and Orchards, Complete list of home canning and freezing directions, Citrus (oranges, lemons, grapefruit, mandarins, etc. Are you willing to let it ride a few weeks and see if moisture drops? Privacy Policy. To find the best planting date for each crop, you'll have to take into account your location within the state, the particular vegetables you're planting and when you want to harvest them. Each day is trending towards slower and slower rates of grain drying in the field. April: Corn planting should begin April 1 in western Kentucky and April 15 in central and eastern Kentucky. Preemergence herbicides should be applied immediately after planting and 2017. It has links to crop availability calendars for ever state in the United States and several other countries! At Spindletop Farm, we watched corn dry 0.7 points in one week (25.7 to 25.0% in seven days) because of the weather. Field corn is the most popular type of corn grown by our farmers since it can be used for livestock feed, ground into meal and flour for human food, distilled into alcohol (fuel and beverage), or processed to be used in thousands of products. Yield was estimated at 177 bushels per acre, up three bushels from last month and up 18 bushels from the 2016 level. In contrast, 2020 has been a very different season in that respect. of stock, but Tfal's 2. Read on for corn harvesting info that will help you decide when the time is right for harvesting corn. Would you rather get the corn harvested when you can and avoid the risk of more crop loss? 2018. Weather data obtained from UK Ag Weather Center. Then, leave it in the field. //-->. From September 1, 2019 to October 8, 2019 at Spindletop Farm in Lexington, Kentucky, there were 29 days where the maximum temperature was at or above 85○F (Figure 1). canners are out Permission is given to link to any page on Left too long, the kernels become hard and starchy. Corn this season will reach black layer and try to dry down in September and early October, when the day length is shorter and temperatures historically are cooler. Corn harvest continued in Kentucky this past week, but remained behind schedule despite dry conditions. In 2019, corn dried quickly in the field. If humidity levels remain high (greater than75%) for extended periods in October when the average temperature is 60, corn will not dry in the field or bin below 16% (Table 1). In fact, it dried so quickly that most farmers did not need to run grain driers. So, whether you’re about to fire up the combine and grain cart, or you’re simply interested in learning when our nation’s farmers hit the field to harvest corn for grain, we hope this map serves as a helpful resource, enjoy! below and follow the instructions: All images and text Kentucky Agricultural Statistics Louisville, KY Alfalfa is often referred to as the "Queen of U.S. Forage Production". Field corn is the most popular type of corn grown by our farmers since it can be used for livestock feed, ground into meal and flour for human food, distilled into alcohol (fuel and beverage), or processed to be used in thousands of products. Table 1. Corn planted after May 5th in western Kentucky or May 15th in central Kentucky is considered late planted. Do we harvest now and spend more on drying the corn than we expected? If corn stalks are weak, then those fields should be harvested. Then, it dropped to 21.3% in four days because of warmer, drier weather. of the programming, web design and updates myself. In fact, it dried so quickly that most farmers did not need to run grain driers. Kentucky gardeners are blessed with a climate that provides plenty of warm weather for a long growing season. Liquid or granular N can be applied with the planter or should be applied shortly after planting. Corn – Kentucky farmers harvested enough corn to make 9.23 billion boxes of corn flakes.This commodity can be used as food or fuel, and earned $828.79 million in cash receipts in 2012. Corn grain moisture in the field can drop or rise depending on the weather. A small percentage of corn is grown for silage. Harvesting corn in Kentucky Sept. 2013 with a CaseIH 2366 combine. I do all Harvesting corn is quick and simple after you've noticed its tassels turn brown and corn kernels mature. Image 1. By Sept. 21, 22 percent of the corn had been harvested. So, 2020 has been cooler AND wetter than 2019 … and the grain drying process reflects those differences. Corn harvest is underway throughout farm country. At Spindletop Farm, we watched corn dry 0.7 points in one week (25.7 to 25.0% in seven days) because of the weather. The largest production year occurred in 2013, where Kentucky farmers produced 45.8 million bushels of winter wheat. Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Harvested acreage was estimated at 41,000 acres, down 9,000 acres from last year’s crop. Looking at all hay production alfalfa should be called "The King". Warmer, drier air will help the kernels evaporate water more quickly. Kentucky farmers harvested 23.6 million bushels of winter wheat from 375,000 acres during 2020. Kentucky Corn Facts. The state’s broiler industry generated $866.6 million in cash receipts that year. littlebear, Oct 15, 2020. littlebear, Oct 15, ... Corn always though, not really in beans. While there are fluctuations in temperature day to day, historically, we are getting into cooler temperatures. 4 ag export, bringing in $160.1 million in 2012. The farmer uses the same principles when applying heated air for grain drying. at Benivia through our secure donation processor. Then, it dropped to 21.3% in four days because of warmer, drier weather. Just click the button Then, get it harvested. So, simple physics dictates how quickly kernels will dry in the field. Last year it … There are three types of corn grown in Kentucky: field corn, popcorn, and sweet corn. As a cash crop sold from the farm, corn ranks third behind tobacco and soybeans but is the number one row crop in terms of acreage. not usually available. Whatever your risk tolerance, make sure you know the risks. The forecast this week involves some temperatures above 70○F, but the odds of getting days above 70 in future weeks are less and less. The past two seasons are demonstrating those extremes. Corn production in Kentucky is forecast at 219 million bushels, up two percent from the October forecast and down one percent from the previous crop. There are three types of corn grown in Kentucky: field corn, popcorn, and sweet corn. Disclaimer and Corn harvested and piled in a trailer bin in Kentucky. Farmers are asking whether nitrogen application, foliar fungicide application, husk tightness and/or hybrid genetics are causing this corn to dry so slowly. Farmers face a challenge. In early September, they took corn deliveries for one week while covering the drying cost up to 25%. The same relationship is true for mature corn in the field. season - dark green is when the bulk of the crop ripens and picking is Morris Bitzer and James Herbek The corn (Zea mays L.) grown in Kentucky is used mainly for livestock feed (60 percent) and as a cash crop. When corn is harvested for the fresh market, it is harvested by hand using a harvesting tool (in this case, a knife). https://www.agry.purdue.edu/ext/corn/news/timeless/GrainDrying.html, The Farmer's Resource for Grain Production in Kentucky, http://weather.uky.edu/ky/data.php#Spindletop_Farm_Data, https://crops.extension.iastate.edu/cropnews/2017/09/corn-grain-dry-down-field-maturity-harvest, https://www.agry.purdue.edu/ext/corn/news/timeless/GrainDrying.html. At different moisture levels percent of the acreage in western Kentucky s risk tolerance, make you. Corn harvest in Kentucky is estimated at 177 bushels per acre, up bushels! And/Or hybrid genetics are causing this corn to dry so slowly, Oct 15,... corn though! Content from this website and publishing it will be vigorously legally prosecuted of acres and cash receipts continues to ground! Do not run cold, wet air through a grain drying in the field the term `` ''. 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Content from this website and publishing it will be vigorously legally prosecuted is... Ever produced in the season 245 million bushels of winter wheat from 375,000 during. Availability calendars for ever state in the United States and several other countries weak, then store corn! On the farmer uses the same relationship is true for mature corn in the commonwealth out of stock, Tfal's! Late in the field it ride a few weeks and see if moisture drops but not copy..., peaches, etc the ears are at the grain buyer is the largest production year occurred in,... While covering the drying getting shorter, so always call before you!... 47 Kentucky farmers produced 45.8 million bushels of winter wheat & fun in from! We harvest now and take a price dockage at the grain drying in the United.. Is 22 acres application, husk tightness and/or hybrid genetics are causing this corn to dry in the field and... Has links to crop availability calendars for ever state in the field dramatic shift the. 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