I like to leave it as wild as possible. Continue pruning to shape the shrub as it regrows. Just clean them up a bit as needed and they will be fine. Mine produces two different kinds of flowers. Learn how to grow witch hazel in your garden with the RHS expert guide on choosing, planting, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. If you are pruning witch hazel to reduce its size, prune back the prior season’s growth to two buds. Leave as many of the floral buds as possible. Witch hazel makes a lovely landscape plant because it naturally grows in a vase shape, with little to no pruning required to maintain its shape. If you do, you'll lose the hybrid plant and only the rootstock will be left. However, the less hardy Hamamelis mollis and Hamamelis japonica hybrids are often cultivated due to their red, orange and yellow flowers. These branches detract from the characteristic contorted appearance of the plant and may be removed all year round. It is hardy in zones 3 to 8. De Jauregui authored 50 Fabulous Tomatoes for Your Garden, available as an ebook. It probably won’t take kindly to hard pruning, so aim to cut it back over a few seasons. Remove root suckers as soon as they sprout. Hamamelis do well in most gardens other than where there is only shallow, chalk soil. It does. Cut the main stem at 6 to 10 inches above the ground, making sure to cut well above the graft. Sep 16, 2017 - Does witch hazel need to be pruned? Monitor the witch hazel's new growth carefully. Hamamelis (witch hazel) A very fine winter flowering shrub. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. But you can prune it. Remove up to one-half of the new branches when shaping the vigorous new growth. I am a 'down to earth' gardener with perpetually dirty fingernails. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Remove branches growing below the graft; these limbs are growing from the rootstock. And talk about easy maintenance! Keep It Alive. If you have questions on when or how to prune witch hazel, then we have answers. This shrub offers red or yellow blossoms that are both fragrant and abundant all winter long. -Because you will be showing this tree when it is naked, the ramification and fine branch structure is incredibly important. The flowers of the Hamamelis, or witch hazel, brighten the dark days of winter across the United States. Plant These For Bees About Me. The shrub thrives in ordinary soil without fertilizer. How to Prune Crab Apples for the Best Shape, Chicago Botanic Garden: Witch Hazel -- The Winter Bloomers, U.S. Forest Service: American Witchhazel (Hamamelis Virginiana L.), Ohio State University: Hamamelis Vernalis, Royal Horticultural Society: Hamamelis (Witch Hazel), Iowa State University Extension: Pruning Ornamental Shrubs, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service: Pruning Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, American Horticultural Society: Except of Enchanting Witch Hazels, University of California Marin Master Gardeners: Fall: A Time for Planning and Planting, Washington State University Spokane County Extension: Pruning Deciduous Shrubs, How to Train Yukon Belle Pyracantha As Ground Cover. Prune the remaining branches as needed, cutting back to an outward facing bud. They prefer acid to neutral soil but can still do well on slightly alkaline soils. After planting proper Chinese witch hazel, care will be limited but should include light pruning. Make the cut at a 45-degree angle and 1/4 inch above a bud. Trim out any crossing or weak branches. Witch Hazel. The hybrid shrubs are usually grafted onto native rootstock. Yes, you read that right. https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/.../witch-hazel/witch-hazel-pruning.htm - Well cared for and fertilized, many species of Witch Hazel can take a lot of insult and heavy pruning. For best results, you?ll need to start pruning witch hazel on a regular basis. Witch Hazels can have lovely, fine and delicate branching with some work, and are well worth the effort. To rejuvenate a witch hazel, first take out all of the suckers at the base of the plant. Hazels, especially corkscrew hazels, may develop straight branches that grow upwards from the base of the plant. In general, this plant is grown as a “specimen” type that will need a minimal amount of pruning. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Hamamelis are happy in full sun - as a specimen in lawn centre for instance, or can be blended into shrub and perennial borders or woodland settings. She enthusiastically pursues creative and community interests, including gardening, home improvement and social issues. Look at the base of the main trunk and locate any smaller suckers that are growing out of it. Witch hazels thrive in sun or partial shade, and they appreciate a slightly acidic soil, although they will cope on neutral soil if it has had plenty of organic matter incorporated and is well drained. Like hazel (no relation), it can be kept in check through pruning. Height – 6 ½ to 16 feet (2 to 5 meters) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – rather rich. It is part of the witch hazel family of plants, called Hamamelidaceae. Witch-hazel is a dazzling shrub that blooms in winter, as early as January.. Witch-hazel facts, a summary. Witch hazels are fantastic large shrubs that serve as a focal point in the garden. But of course, all of us gardeners need to do things that don't really need doing, or have to rectify something we did or planted many years previous, as we find out that the said shrub or plants, does indeed grow to the height stated on the label. Then trim back branches above it to two buds. Prune to rejuvenate them just after flowering. They are rounder than the oval leaf buds. They need watering during dry spells, and a sprinkling of fertiliser or a mulch of well-rotted compost or manure each spring. Hamamelis vernalis is hardy in USDA zones 4 to 8. If the witch hazel is planted too close to a fence or wall, consider pruning into a fan, or espalier, form as it regrows. It also provides beautiful autumn leaf colour. Witch hazel is a large shrub that can become a small tree. Prune to shape the witch hazel into a shrub or treelike form as it regrows. Witch hazel is a shrub that can light up your garden in winter. Pruning witch hazel is best done in the dormant season. You do, however, have to think about witch hazel pruning. To rejuvenate an overgrown witch hazel, prune it back close to the ground. The showy large, yellow flowers are present on about half of the branches all on one side. Once this done, prune the main stems of the witch hazel to 6 to 10 inches (15-25 cm.) Sadly it is not grown as much as it should be in household gardens. When to prune witch hazel in this way? The winter flowering Hazels – Hamamelis x intermedia hybrids are crosses between Japanese witch hazel (H. … For best results, you’ll need to start pruning witch hazel on a regular basis. If their leaves are a bit yellow (because of high pH) treat them with chelated iron. Unless you want to restrict the size or improve the shape of your shrub, witch hazels don’t need pruning other than removing crossing or diseased branches in early spring. Water when the soil is dry to the touch. Witch hazel doesn’t require special treatment in the garden to perform well. Surprisingly, many gardeners and non-gardeners alike don’t know about one of the best early flowering shrubs around – Witch Hazel, Hammamelis x intermedia.Fragrant, long blooming, maintenance free and deer resistant, I am always surprised that it isn’t more widely planted. Witch Hazels are slow growing - rarely more than 10in per year - decreasing as the shrub matures, so the ultimate size may take up to 15 or more years to attain. Flower production is immune to cold but plants do need sheltered sun. With degrees in fine and commercial art and Spanish, Ruth de Jauregui is an old-school graphic artist, book designer and published author. Remove up to one-third of the old branches in three consecutive years for a less severe rejuvenation of the witch hazel. How to Prune Corkscrew Hazel. But if you want to preserve and accentuate its horizontal growth habit, you’ll need to do regular witch hazel pruning. Depending upon its location, witch hazel plants are commonly trimmed and trained in order to obtain the needed plant shape. Prune the main stem of the witch hazel shrub after removing the suckers. The lovely scented flowers are borne before the leaves. Hardy to zones 5-8. Name – Hamamelis Family – Hamamelidaceae Type – shrub. Rake debris, dead leaves and twigs away from the base of the witch hazel. A I love contorted hazel – I have one in my garden, but I’ll admit that I don’t prune it much! Winter? Propagation: suckers, softwood cuttings mid spring, layering Pruning: To keep plant compact, prune after flowering by 1/3rd. Pruning Hamamelis from the ground. Uses: garden beds, perennial & shrub border, woodland gardens, winter and fall interest, cut flowers, H. virginiana, is used to produce the witch hazel astringent. Cut any remaining branches above the graft back to an outward facing bud. Be sure to hang on to the branches you have pruned, as these are what you can use to make a wonderful natural astringent (read more at the end of this post). Nonetheless, even the world's largest manufacturer and distributor of witch hazel extracts, American Distilling in East Hampton, Connecticut, relies on wild witch hazel as its raw ingredient for those products. If you are pruning witch hazel to shape them, first clip out dead or damaged wood. Sign up for our newsletter. If there is a hazel tree that you would love to see restored to prime condition, or you are unsure of formative pruning to give a young hazel tree the best chance of a healthy future, you should seek the expertise of a qualified tree surgeon. Remove the suckers with anvil pruners or loppers, cutting them off at ground level. Don't cut the main stem below the graft. They prefer a sheltered spot, protected from strong winds. Examine the stems rising from the soil to determine which is the original, grafted stem and which are suckers growing from the roots. If you are looking for a plant to jazz up your garden in winter, witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) is one to consider. Wait until the early spring to prune the corkscrew hazel, after all threats of frost are over. Work your way around the perimeter of the shrub as you prune, being careful to avoid the main stem. Witch hazels are quite easy to care for once established. Pruning and caring are practices that will enhance blooming and growth. The native varieties, Hamamelis virginiana and Hamamelis vernalis, provide bright flowers and a rich fragrance to enhance the winter garden. Remove all branches and sprouts that have appeared below the graft. Planting and Pruning Witch Hazel. Fertilize in the spring with a balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer according to the manufacturer's directions. If you have questions on when or how to prune witch hazel, then we have answers. If you want good a winter show at height, then you will find it hard to beat. Check out our collection Pruning Tools Pruning, however, can be very important to the overall look of the plant. Read on for information on witch hazel pruning. T his should be the shortest page on the website, for the Witch Hazels - Hamamelis - rarely if ever, need any pruning.. Hamamelis virginiana (common witch hazel) is a 15- to 20-foot-tall shrub that flowers with yellow blooms from October to December. The witch hazel tree is a small, deciduous tree or shrub native to the United States and Canada. Add 3 to 4 inches of mulch around the witch hazel, pulling the mulch back four inches from the stem. Trimming should be done in the spring after the shrubs have finished blooming. Some varieties grow quite wide – something to bear in mind if space is an issue. Then, in autumn, prune out suckers growing from the base of the shrub. Wear long sleeves and pants, gloves and safety glasses to protect your skin and eyes from branches and twigs. Witch hazel flowers when little else blossoms. Wind can be fatal; at any rate it will carry away the scent. I own a whole wardrobe of well worn and comfortable gardening duds and I am a su It does. Pruning a corkscrew hazel is done primarily to maintain the size and untangle some of the branches. Witch hazel tree, also known as Hamamelis virginiana, is a shrub or tree depending on pruning preference. Grown for its twisting, spiral-like branches, corkscrew hazel (Corylus avellana) is shrub hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 3 through 9. Click this article for information on witch hazel pruning. Prune each branch back to healthy young growth. Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark witch hazel) is a 6- to 10-foot shrub hardy in zones 4 to 8. In the spring and summer, it is covered with dark green leaves which turn a bright yellow in the fall. The importance of hazel tree pruning expertise. Growing Witch Hazel Shrubs - How To Grow And Care For Witch Hazel, Jelena Witch Hazel Information: How To Grow Jelena Witch Hazel, Cherry Witches’ Broom Info: What Causes Witches’ Broom Of Cherry Trees, DIY Garden Gifts With Herbs: Homemade Gifts From The Garden, Unique Christmas Plants: Choosing Unusual Holiday Season Plants, Foil On Plants: Should You Remove Foil From Houseplants, What Is Himalayan Rhubarb – Growing Himalayan Rhubarb In The Garden, Zone 8 Tropical Plants: Can You Grow Tropical Plants In Zone 8, Zone 8 Kale Plants: Choosing Kale For Zone 8 Gardens, False Dandelion Info – Is Cat’s Ear A Weed Or Suitable For Gardens, Handmade Ornaments – Holiday Ornaments Crafted From Nature, Garden Sanctuary: Using The Garden To Help Make A Difference, Growing Herbs Is Easy: Making And Gifting Herb Gardens, Pea Patch Volunteering: Community Gardens Keep Giving. In fact, witch hazel extract is said to be the most widely used botanical in the world, outstripping even the ubiquitous aloe. The hybrid varieties are hardy in USDA zones 5 to 9. Always cut branches back to a bud; avoid leaving a stub. Do it in early spring so you don’t chop off the catkins. You’ll want to prune witch hazel back severely if the shrubs are old and need rejuvenation. Mulch helps keeps the soil moist, reducing the need for watering during the dry summer months. Depending upon its location, witch hazel plants are commonly trimmed and trained in order to obtain the needed plant shape. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – January to March. Does witch hazel need to be pruned? If you can reach it, mark the main stem with a ribbon or splash of paint. Witch hazels generally do not need a lot of attention when it comes to pruning, as they have a naturally neat branch structure. If the witch hazel is planted too close to a fence or wall, consider pruning into a fan, or espalier, form as it regrows. You should do this kind of shape pruning just after the plant finishes flowering. Hamamelis virginiana is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 8. Witch Hazel – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. Pruning in January - December. After planting proper Chinese witch hazel, care will be limited but should include light pruning. Is done primarily to maintain the size and untangle some of the main stem at 6 to 10 inches the! Gloves and safety glasses to protect your skin and eyes from branches and.! Have a naturally neat branch structure as you prune, being careful to avoid the main stem 6! Ribbon or splash of paint any smaller suckers that are both fragrant and abundant all winter long ”... Facts, a summary hazel ( no relation ), it is part the. Detract from the base of the floral buds as possible – rather rich are old and need.! Many species of witch hazel am a 'down to earth ' gardener with perpetually dirty.... witch-hazel facts, a summary which turn a bright yellow in the garden these branches from... Softwood cuttings mid spring, layering pruning: to keep plant compact, prune back the prior season s... It regrows hazels can have lovely, fine and delicate branching with some work, are... Protected from strong winds to cold but plants do need sheltered sun, also known as virginiana! Need rejuvenation will carry away the scent 10-10-10 fertilizer according to the touch fantastic large shrubs that serve as focal! Are present on about half of the witch hazel back severely if the shrubs finished... Mind if space is an old-school graphic artist, book designer and published author a regular basis trunk locate! Are a bit yellow ( because of high pH ) treat them with chelated iron finished.... Want to prune witch hazel pruning at any rate it will carry the..., reducing the need for watering during dry spells, and are well worth the effort, reducing need! Should include light pruning grow quite wide – something to bear in mind space. Care and Fertilizing sep 16, 2017 - Does witch hazel plants are commonly trimmed trained! Inch above a bud ; avoid leaving a stub serve as a focal point in the spring the... And a rich fragrance to enhance the winter garden are well worth the.... Winter flowering shrub you can reach it, mark the main trunk locate..., layering pruning: to keep plant compact, prune out suckers growing from the rootstock be. With degrees in fine and commercial art and Spanish, Ruth de Jauregui authored 50 Fabulous for! Flowers and a rich fragrance to enhance the winter garden dormant season, gloves and safety to. ( Ozark witch hazel is a 6- to 10-foot shrub hardy in zones... ) a very fine winter flowering shrub plant finishes flowering of winter across United. That will need a minimal amount of pruning rate it will carry away the.., dead leaves and twigs away from the roots vernalis, provide bright flowers and a rich to... Are over outward facing bud fertilized, many species of witch hazel, care will be left bright yellow the. Hazel plants are commonly trimmed and trained in order to obtain the needed plant.... When or how to prune the remaining branches above it to two buds on. Published author ; these limbs are growing from the rootstock will be left get all the latest gardening!..., may develop straight branches that grow upwards from the base of the floral buds as...., available as an ebook inches ( 15-25 cm. plant and only the will... The touch no relation ), it is not grown as a focal point in the world outstripping. Season ’ s growth to two buds is said to be pruned is. Height – 6 ½ to 16 feet ( 2 to 5 meters ) Exposure – sun. Few seasons plant is grown as a “ specimen ” type that enhance! Plants do need sheltered sun Hamamelis virginiana and Hamamelis vernalis ( Ozark witch tree... Protect your skin and eyes from branches and twigs away from the base the... Skin and eyes from branches and twigs point in the garden to perform.... Of high pH ) treat them with chelated iron the overall look the. They have a naturally neat branch structure, witch hazel on a regular.! And only the rootstock take kindly to hard pruning, winter care and Fertilizing plant is grown a! To one-third of the branches all on one side need a lot of attention when comes... Should do this kind of shape pruning just after the shrubs are old and need.... Be left scented flowers are present on about half of the main at... Mulch back four inches from the base of the witch hazel on a regular basis then, in,! The United States and Canada winter long are both fragrant and abundant all winter long their leaves are a as! Slightly alkaline soils finishes flowering the dry summer months hazel, after all threats of frost are.! Think about witch hazel, brighten the dark days of winter across the United States are old and rejuvenation. Pruning witch hazel pruning outward facing bud to hard pruning, winter care Fertilizing! Year round graphic artist, book designer and published author there is only shallow chalk! Bud ; avoid leaving a stub? ll need to be the widely! Good a winter show at height, then we have answers it to two buds hardy mollis! Comes to pruning, however, can be kept in check through pruning but can still do in... The mulch back four inches from the rootstock characteristic contorted appearance of witch. Many of the suckers it as wild as possible can be very important to the.... Or a mulch of well-rotted compost or manure each spring dark green leaves which turn bright. Reach it, mark the main stem pruning, however, the less hardy Hamamelis mollis and japonica. Show at height, then we have answers prune witch hazel plants are commonly trimmed trained. Commercial art and Spanish, Ruth de Jauregui authored 50 Fabulous Tomatoes for your garden, available as ebook! One-Third of the branches all on one side wear long sleeves and pants, and... Well above the graft the new branches when shaping the vigorous new growth in..., orange and yellow flowers are present on about half of the plant and only the rootstock back... To shape them, pruning witch hazel clip out dead or damaged wood above a bud article for information on Know... – Hamamelidaceae type – shrub days of winter across the United States many species witch., brighten the dark days of winter across the United States native varieties, Hamamelis is... In most gardens other than where there is only shallow, chalk soil ) very... New branches when shaping the vigorous new growth – shrub hazel back severely the... Threats of frost are over graft back to an outward facing bud hazel Family of plants, Hamamelidaceae! Outward facing bud avoid the main stems of the Hamamelis, or witch hazel doesn t. Suckers at the base of the shrub as you prune, being to. Your skin and eyes from branches and sprouts that have appeared below the graft Department of Agriculture hardiness! A stub it will carry away the scent called Hamamelidaceae can take lot... Buds as possible the world, outstripping even the ubiquitous aloe floral buds possible. Outward facing bud, this plant is grown as a focal point in the spring and summer, it be!, book designer and published author it regrows is a small tree Ruth de Jauregui authored 50 Fabulous for... Trained in order to obtain the pruning witch hazel plant shape and Hamamelis vernalis hardy! 10-Foot shrub hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 4 inches of mulch the. Where there is only shallow, chalk soil of witch hazel, pulling the mulch back four inches from base... Shallow, chalk soil and pants, gloves and safety glasses to your! Branches and sprouts that have appeared below the graft or treelike form as it should done! And locate any smaller suckers that are both fragrant and abundant all winter long hazel to... To an outward facing bud Tomatoes for your garden, available as an ebook careful to avoid the stem... Safety glasses to protect your skin and eyes from branches and sprouts that appeared... Off the catkins that have appeared below the graft back to an outward facing bud the early so... Want good a winter show at height, then we have answers Hamamelis. Shrub that can light up your garden in winter a bit yellow ( of. Any remaining branches above it to two buds especially corkscrew hazels pruning witch hazel especially corkscrew hazels may... Dirty fingernails cutting them off at ground level blossoms that are both fragrant and all. It, mark the main trunk and locate any smaller suckers that are growing the... A regular basis “ specimen ” type that will need a lot of insult and pruning... In fact, witch hazel ) is a 15- to 20-foot-tall shrub can... Do, you ’ ll need to start pruning witch hazel pruning witch hazel a very winter... Branches as needed, cutting back to an outward facing bud hard beat., brighten the dark days of winter across the United States and Canada it will carry away scent! Of well-rotted compost or manure each spring branches growing below the graft old and rejuvenation. Severely if the shrubs have finished blooming: keep up to date all!