The data were analyzed using content analysis and descriptive statistics. Conflict is seen to be a natural and integral part of every day’s live of all living organisms. event, he felt tired and had difficulty focusing on his work or during his daily activities. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. CAUSES OF INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS AND INSECURITIES: THE VIABILITY AND IMPACT OF CONFLICT MANAGEMENT MECHANISM IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS ... Ghana. A major cause of African conflicts has been ethnicity, and it has continued to be so. Conflict can also be seen as antagonism between individuals or groups in society. It is an inevitable and necessary feature of domestic and international relations. Of all the ethnic groups, the Ashanti were known for the numerous wars they fought when Ghana was called the Gold Coast (British Colony). This paper provide an overview of land conflict in Ghana. colonial political structures with no roots in pre-colonial political offices has led to conflicting. Land Ownership and control of land are another major source of ethnic conflicts in the Northern Region. They occurred at least twice a week and lasted between 50 and 90 s. After the, This report looks at Argentina’s current debt, fiscal, and overall economic situation to see if there is justification for concerns that Argentina is facing serious economic problems that could lead to a default on its sovereign debt. YEBOAH ADJEI . 2. All the issues raised by Brukum as the causes of conflict in northern Ghana are applicable to the Wa chieftaincy conflict in the sense that one particular gate to the Wa skin is contesting its legitimacy to the skin. Tribalism is one of the causes of ethnic conflict in Nigeria. government‘s inability to solve it. The deepest causes of the conflict; economic despair, social injustice, and political oppression. Conflict and its causes. It situates the question of conflict within the context of the Northern Region of Ghana and defines conflict as a situation in which people, groups or individuals are involved in a serious disagreement or argument which degenerates into violence. An analysis of inter-ethnic conflicts in Northern Region reveals a pattern of struggle for paramountcy and autonomy. Loyalty to ethnic groups … Subsumed under this more general problem are many specific problems concerning human behavior in disasters—e.g., the nature of fear and panic reactions, crowd behavior, leadership, rumor and other forms of communication, the effectiveness of various rescue, relief, control, information and rehabilitation measures, and the changes in personality and social structure which are produced by disasters. Before reporting on our findings, I would like to describe the nature and purposes of the National Opinion Research Center Disaster Project. Share Wish List. Tribalism is a major cause of conflict, not just in Africa but in Kenya especially. The following is a list of conflicts in Ghana. The Lambussie and Nandom districts in the Upper West Region of Ghana are not only separated by administrative boundaries, but also by inter-ethnic tensions. Ghana has numerous chieftaincy disputes every year that generally involve competition over limited resources. These two communities are made up of Sisaalas and Dagaras (respectively), two ethnic groups that speak different languages, and their history is fraught with tension and bad blood. The study found out that, the conflicts between farmers and Fulani pastoralist in the study area was caused by five major factors which include; destruction of food crops by cattle and the killing of innocent citizens of the area which has brought fear and panic among citizens. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. Conflict of interest and Causes of Conflict of Interest Conflict of interest is a situation in which a public official's decisions are influenced by the Many people try to avoid conflict at all costs. Art Bell and Bret Hart (not the professional wrestler) published studies in 2002 and 2009 that examined the eight major causes of conflict. In this paper the causes and impacts of conflicts in Northern Region are examined, with particular reference to the Konkomba inter-ethnic conflicts. Tribalism. debt relative to GDP and other indicators. The causes of land conflict can be appropriately discussed under the following headings; administrative, legal or juridical and customary. Ifthere is any country that The ‘premature’ arrival of the ship that was sent to encompass Tyrconnell’s passage discomfited Tyrone, then preparing to go to court, causing him to ‘panic’ and take flight. Land cases constitute about 59% out of the total cases in court. Conflicts over land are a major problem to the management of lands in Ghana. ... CCR Centre for Conflict Research . Anxious to leave the country because they were in acute financial difficulties, they were determined to seek profitable service with Archduke Albert, governor of the Spanish Netherlands. Conflict is seen to be a natural and integral part of every day’s live of all living organisms. Cause and Effect: Conflict in Africa. The spells were characterized by a sensation of "zoning out" that was preceded by a fearful sense of panic. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York. This war is widely known in Ghana and even other African countries. Ethnic conflicts have not just been between different ethnic groups such as the The Ghana Bar Association can also help by explaining the processes for acquisition of land to the people. October 25, 1625 Battle of Elmina; August 24, 1637 – August 29, 1637 Battle of Elmina; c. 1675 – c. 1701 Independence of the Ashanti Empire. Increase caution when traveling to the Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Upper East Regions. Traditionally, historians explaining this event have been divided into two schools of thought. Departing from the previous lines of explanation, Canny focused on the intentions of the earl of Tyrconnell and Cuchonnacht Maguire to leave Ireland in 1607 as the key to understanding the flight. The analysis suggests that almost all the respondants are of the view that an impending major conflict is likely to occur in the Northern Region. The study relies on a survey of 600 people in different parts of the Northern Region to ascertain the perceptions of people about conflicts in the region. This research finds that the imposition of colonial and post-. Meanwhile the average increase of land cases per year is 25% whereas the rate of settlement is as low as 10%. These conflicts are in the area of ownership of land, quest for autonomy by some tribes, chieftaincy, location of a district capital or a government project etc. Causes of Land Conflicts in Ghana. The creation of new nation-states at the time of independence was accompanied urgent calls for nation-building by the new African leaders who were well aware of the difficulty in transcending African ethnic and regional loyalties. The episodes began approximately 2 years ago after he had been involved in an automobile accident and suffered a closed head injury. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. 1588–1654 Dutch–Portuguese War. Irish historical studies: joint journal of the Irish Historical Society and the Ulster Society for Irish Historical Studies. However the various ways of resolving lands conflicts have been analysed extensively. The maintenance of rapid re-establishment of effective social organization in community disasters, either wartime or peacetime, is, Conflicts between pastoralists and farmers are not new to our farming communities in Ghana but in recent years the magnitude of these conflicts have increased especially in the Agogo traditional area of the Ashanti region of Ghana. in Ghana’s Construction industry (GCI) on the pervasiveness of conflict of interest and corruption in the industry. interpretations of who the rightful successor to the Ga Mashie throne is. conflict or, much more frequently, are used to fuel a conflict. Others have accepted the conspiracy theory, agreeing with the Dublin, A 34-year-old man presents with the chief complaint of recurrent "spells". The study, specifically, looked at the causes, sequence and effects of the conflict on the development of the youth Land Ownership and control of land are another major source of ethnic conflicts in the Northern Region. For most of the minor communities, their issues remained unsolved. All rights reserved. Paul Collier, an expert on the economics of civil war, estimates that close to fifty armed conflicts active in 2001 had a strong link to natural resource exploitation, in which either licit or illicit exploitation helped to trigger, intensify, or sustain violence. Even though Ghana is considered as an oasis of peace within the African continent, it has recently gone through some bad conflict situations whichhas not given it a good name both within and outside the African continent. The two Royal gates, Abudus and Andanis have failed to abide by the laid down framework on succession to the skin. CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN BEREKUM MUNICIPALITY . Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Land conflicts in Ghana have directly and indirectly affected the country’s economy and Gross Domestic Product (GDP). There have been conflicts such as the Konkomba-Nanumba conflict, which was fought because of trade dispute. Conflict and conflict management styles: Towards a definition Conflict is endemic in social life and whenever there is a difference of opinion there are chances of conflict (Pathak, 2010). Since the 1990s till today, the Fulani herdsmen have either shot and killed or butchered not less than 12 people in the study area. According to Brukum in his work ‘’Ethnic Conflicts in Northern Ghana, 1980-1999: An Appraisal, the Northern region of Ghana alone has had over 20 ethnic conflicts since 1980. Cause and Effect: Conflict in Africa. Other major causes of conflict in the workplace include: Personality clashes - the 'personality mix' within a team can be upset when a new member of staff joins or if two colleagues suddenly fall out. Also reviewed in this paper, are the various types, forms, functions and stages in land conflicts in Ghana. The practical aim of the project is to develop findings which will aid the development of effective disaster preparedness and control measures. Finally PGIS approach of resolving land conflicts has been recommended as a satisfactory approach for resolving land conflicts. The Argentine economy has grown more than 60 percent since its recovery began six years ago, has trade and current account surpluses, and has declining levels of. Data were collected using semi structured questionnaire administered through personal interviews. Conflicts in Africa may be said to have been caused by a multiplicity of factors such as: arbitrary borders created by the colonial powers, heterogeneous ethnic … Reasons for chieftaincy conflicts include disputes over rightful succession to stools or skins, control over stool lands and land litigation, political interference, inordinate ambition for power and the lack of accountability and transparency by some traditional rulers (Prah &Yeboah, 2011). In He worked as a District Attorney and had court duties and appearances that were required on a nearly daily basis. All rights reserved. The aim of this study is to analyse the dynamics of Dagbon chieftaincy conflict in northern Ghana and to examine how Rwandan’s Gacaca conflict resolution strategy could serve as a reference point for sustainable peace in Dagbon. One of the main causes of conflict between Konkomba and other ethnic groups such as the Dagomba, Nanumba and Gonja is the struggle for paramountcy and autonomy. collection techniques were employed to study some 90 farmers who were directly affected by the conflicts in the study area. Chieftaincy succession is a major source of conflict in the north of Ghana. Causes of conflicts related to poor governance and contractual arrangements emerged as critical in Ghana, whereas causes related poor risk management and communication emerged as critical in China Arbitration and Negotiations are the most suitable resolution mechanisms for conflicts in PPPs in Ghana and China respectively. Examples of such conflicts in Ghana include the: Sukusuku chieftaincy conflict, Sekondi chieftaincy conflict, Dagbon chieftaincy conflict, Cape Coast chieftaincy conflict, Bawku chieftaincy conflict, Ga Mantse succession dispute and the Anlo chieftaincy conflict (Prah & Yeboah, 2011; Kendie & Tuffour, 2014). conflict of Peki and Awudome in the Volta region of Ghana. These effects have also been reviewed. government’s contemporary view that the earls fled because they feared that their treasonable machinations had been uncovered. unemployment, particularly among the youth, has caused social upheavals, the conflict in Dagbon is directly linked to chieftaincy. The Africa Portal is a research repository and an expert analysis hub on African affairs. This lesson walks you through the causes and effects of conflict in Africa. $4.99 . A lot causes or event leading to land conflicts have been identified and analysed in this paper. The 11-month conflict which ended on 7 May 1999, led by Brigadier Ansumane Mane, was supposedly caused by weapon trafficking in neighboring Senegal for the Casamance independence movement, corruption and human rights abuse. $4.99 . Copyright © 2017 Since 1950, the Center has maintained a specially-trained disaster team to conduct field investigations of domestic disasters. Modern times Denkyira. One of the main causes of conflict between Konkomba and other ethnic groups such as the Dagomba, Nanumba and Gonja is the struggle for paramountcy and autonomy. by Ryan Churchward. Journal of Energy and Natural Resource Management. [email protected], Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA Ghana), View highlights from our past newsletters. Individuals may also respond to difficult or challenging situations in an unhelpful or unproductive way. These responses do not resolve conflict and may make the situation worse. Others tend to blame someone or something else for causing it. Respondents and key In the midst of poverty, African ruling classes or the elite group who happen to hold power at a particular time, have enriched themselves and become … This paper explores the causes of the conflicts and conflict management strategies used. On a first note, the weak Ghanaian land markets are to blame for some of the land disputes in the country. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Info. It also has a large amount of reserves relative to potential debt financing shortfalls. the central problem with which the project is concerned. Major causes of workplace conflict. Practice Reframing the 8 Causes of Conflict. Related Content. This lesson walks you through the causes and effects of conflict in Africa. These have created a lot of fear and panic in the land enterprise and allied industries. This observation calls for an urgent examination of potential dangers of another inter ethnic and intra ethnic conflict. Cultural rivalry is mainly linked to major communities such as the Kikuyus, Luos, and Luhyas but has currently shifted to even minor ones. Some of these disputes have prompted episodes of localized violence. Some have depicted the earls as offended innocents, forced into exile by unwarrantable pressure from Lord Deputy Chichester’s administration. In order to achieve the said objective a qualitative and quantitative data, The ‘flight of the earls’ is considered one of the most intriguing events in Irish history. The paper finds that there is little or no basis for the fear that Argentina might default on its sovereign debt at any time in the foreseeable future, or indeed even the more distant future. This thesis, Understanding the Persistence of the Nkonya-Alavanyo Conflict: An Nkonya Perspective, is an investigative enquiry into the reasons why in spite of all efforts to solve the conflict between Nkonya and Alavanyo of the Volta Region of Ghana, the conflict … Since 1971, however, historical interpretation of the affair has been dominated by an article written by Nicholas Canny. CHRAJ Commission for Human Rights and Administration Justice . In Ghana, these conflicts are generally inter-ethnic (mostly land and political power); or intra-ethnic (traditional political power struggle, religious conflicts and partisan inclinations). There is enough evidence to suggest that all ethnic groups that were involved in the major conflict in 1994 are stock piling arms to be used in the event of another ethnic war. Example is the fighting between the Andani and Abudu clans in the Dagbon Traditional Area and the recent chieftaincy skirmishes in Buipe during the visit of Vice-President, John Mahama. Especially for societies that were a-cephalous, the gates that can ascend to the skin are often contested. Conflict is a normal part of life and there are many issues that could cause conflicts to arise within community organisations. Participatory Geographic Information System for Land conflict resolution, Hydrological Studies of UCC Research Station, II: Disasters Compared in Six American Communities, Exploring the Causes and Management of Pastoralists-Farmer Conflicts in Ghana, Conference: 4th UMaT Biennial International Mining and Mineral Conferenc, At: UMaT Auditorium, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana. ... the fact that Ghana is a member of United Nations (UN) and articles three and Land has remained a thorny social, economic and political issue which has generated a lot of ethnic conflicts between Konkombas and Bimobas, Konkombas and Dagombas, Konkombas and Nanumbas, Konkombas and Gonjas, Gonjas and Nawuris and recently Konkombas and Nawuris. It is an inevitable and necessary feature of domestic and international relations. The conflicts were managed using several conflict management strategies, however what proved very effective was coercion and adjudication. 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