Major retrospectives were also held at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Mu… Two years later, he designed another plane for the airline: Flying Colors of the United States. View Alexander Calder’s 11,830 artworks on artnet. Intern Auni Gelles shares the behind-the-scenes scoop on the sculpture's recent restoration. Some sources say it was July 22, but according to family history, August 22 was supposed to be listed on his birth certificate. He also created intricate tableaus of circus performers, a subject he had been earlier introduced to as a sketch artist for the National Police Gazette, an influential New York tabloid. In 1931, he began creating a collection of kinetic sculptures featuring distinct moveable parts. An art historian living in Paris, Kelly was born and raised in San Francisco and holds a BA in Art History from the University of San Francisco and an MA in Art and Museum Studies from Georgetown University. His grandfather and father were both sculptors, and his mother was a painter. Cancer Sculptor #1. For many years Cirque Calder was considered a youthful precursor to his more-serious endeavours. However, as a kid he was great at Maths, so he decided to study engineering at university. Today, he is among nine artists who have received this honor, including Georgia O'Keeffe and Norman Rockwell. Alexander Calder, known to his friends as Sandy, was born on 22 July 1898, in Philadelphia, America, to artist parents. While Calder's name is now synonymous with this type of art, his oeuvre is characterized by a range of creative projects, from an early circus-inspired series of sculptures to an aircraft he embellished in the 1970s. 9 Abstract Artists Who Changed the Way We Look at Painting, 6 of the Best Modern Art Museums in the World, The Surprisingly Heart-Wrenching History of Robert Indiana’s ‘Love’ Sculptures, Exploring the Experimental and Avant-Garde Art of Surrealism. Further experimentation with motion led Calder to create motorized pieces; it was those works that were famously dubbed mobiles by artist-provocateur Marcel Duchamp. A post shared by SFO Museum (@sfomuseum) on Jan 19, 2018 at 9:22pm PST. Facts about Alexander Calder 1: Early Life. In 1926 he also sailed to England, made his way to Paris, and was ensconced in a studio there by late summer. He also made sculptures that did not move that were called "stabiles." Calder proved himself a fluid draftsman, and in 1926 his first book, the drawing manual Animal Sketching, was published; it was reissued as part of an art instructional series in 1941, reprinted in 1973, and is still in print. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Celebrating creativity and promoting a positive culture by spotlighting the best sides of humanity—from the lighthearted and fun to the thought-provoking and enlightening. Alexander Calder, (born July 22, 1898, Lawnton, Pennsylvania, U.S.—died November 11, 1976, New York, New York), American artist best known for his innovation of the mobile suspended sheet metal and wire assemblies that are activated in space by air currents. Alexander Calder, Lily of Force, 1945, sold at Christie’s New York in 2012 for $18,562,500. He remained tied to France during his lifetime, eventually establishing a studio in Saché (now the site of Atelier Calder, which hosts young sculptors in a residency program). In the 1930s, American artist Alexander Calder kicked off a new kind of kinetic sculpture. 11 Alexander Calder - Cowboy on a Horse 12 Alexander Calder - Elephant 13 What We Will Be Doing According to the National Gallery of Art, “he usually cut natural forms that looked like leaves and petals rather than hardedge geometric shapes,” culminating in works aesthetically reminiscent of branches and blossoms. Visually fascinating and emotionally engaging, those sculptures—along with his monumental outdoor bolted sheet metal stabiles, which only imply movement—make Calder one of the most-recognizable and beloved modern artists. But Calder particularly recommended himself with his sensational full-body portraits of jazz-era dancer Josephine Baker and bust portraits of many in his Parisian artistic circle, such as Miró, composer Edgard Varèse, and socialite Kiki de Montparnasse. His materials would mainly consist of wire and wood. Calder's grandfather, also a sculptor, executed the figure of William Penn that graces the dome of the city hall in Philadelphia. Alexander Calder Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Instead, they urged him to attend college, and, in 1921, Calder graduated with a degree in mechanical engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey. Alexander Calder (July 22, 1898 – November 11, 1976) was one of the most prolific, recognizable, and beloved American artists of the 20th century. 21 Facts About Alexander Calder. Alexander Calder was an American artist best known for his invention of the mobile and his wire sculptures. Alexander Calder was an American sculptor who is best known for his innovative mobiles (kinetic sculptures powered by motors or air currents) that embrace chance in their aesthetic and his monumental public sculptures. Recent scholarship, however, suggests Calder’s career was greatly shaped by the making of the mechanical circus performers and his activation of those elements in an imaginary miniature big top. Find the latest shows, biography, and artworks for sale by Alexander Calder. Sculptor #19. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Mobiles are a kind of sculpture where the pieces are moved by motors or the wind. She has specialized in monographic exhibitions, often highlighting artists with a significant relationship... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Updates? Replete with spring-action and pull-toy performers and animals that he created out of bits and pieces of cloth, yarn, cork, and wire, Calder sent the acts through their paces while providing sound effects. Seeing and sketching this spectacle had a profound impact on Calder, culminating in a career-changing, circus-inspired series. Visit My Modern Met Media. Alexander Calder (July, 22,1898 - November 11, 1976) was an American sculptor.He lived in Philadelphia, in the United States.He invented the mobile. Alexander Calder Is A Member Of . Mobiles are a kind of kinetic sculpture. The “drawings in space” ran parallel to the creation of his early masterpiece, Cirque Calder (1926–31), a miniature circus he would set up on the floor of his studio or in apartments of friends during social gatherings. https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/alexander-calder-848/who-is-alexander-calder Facts about Alexander Calder 1: a miniature circus. He also created a wide range of monumental metal sculptures that have become practically inextricable from the cities and locations that host them. In the 1920s, he began producing paintings and prints. Constructing objects from a very young age, his first known art tool was a pair of pliers. When she’s not writing, you can find Kelly wandering around Paris, whether she’s leading a tour (as a guide, she has been interviewed by BBC World News America and. Check out the exclusive rewards, here. In 1976, President Gerald Ford intended to award Calder with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Alexander Calder Popularity . Alexander Calder (American, born July 22, 1898–died November 11, 1976) is one of the most celebrated sculptors of the 20th century. “It was early one morning on a calm sea, off Guatemala, when over my couch—a coil of rope—I saw the beginning of a fiery red sunrise on one side and the moon looking like a silver coin on the other,” he wrote in 1966. Calder was the son and grandson of artists—his mother was the painter Nanette Calder (née Lederer; 1866–1960), his father the sculptor Alexander Stirling Calder (1870–1945), and his grandfather sculptor Alexander Milne Calder (1846–1923). Learn Alexander Calder facts for kids. The idea for the toy figures can be traced back to sketches he made in 1925 while reporting on the circus for the Police Gazette.Made from wire, rubber, cork, buttons, bottle caps, wood, and other small "found" objects, Calder's circus includes lions, acrobats, trapeze artists, elephants, a ringmaster, and numerous other figures. Calder was born in Pennsylvania, USA in 1898 into an artistic family, his grandfather, his father and his mother were all artists. The Paris years: wire and experiments with motion, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alexander-Calder, American Art at The Phillips Collection - Biography of Alexander Calder, Making Art Fun! After a nomadic childhood, he studied engineering at a prestigious university in the United States and then settled in New York in 1923. He also made a smaller number of sculptures in the more-traditional materials of wood and bronze and did paintings, mostly in gouache, as well as drawings, including illustrations for books, and prints, and was an inventive designer of jewelry. Most Popular #65158. Though he was brought up in an artistic atmosphere, Calder's own inclinations were mechanical. In this list of seven fascinating facts, we explore these pieces—and much more—in order to understand the significance of Calder's life and career. He created different types of mobile objects such as jewellery, toys but in particular animals. Want to advertise with us? From Calder Foundation, Alexander Calder, Goldfish Bowl (1929), Wire, 16 × 15 × 6 in A visit in late 1930 to the studio of Piet Mondrian, a Dutch painter known for his geometric abstraction, gave Calder the “shock”—to use the description recorded in his 1966 autobiography (Calder: An Autobiography with Pictures)—that sent him toward abstract art: “I suggested to Mondrian that perhaps it would be fun to make these rectangles oscillate….This one visit gave me a shock that started things.” He began to experiment with mechanical motion, as in Small Sphere and Heavy Sphere of 1932–33, which positioned on the floor various utilitarian items that could be struck, creating various sounds, by two balls suspended on wires attached to the ceiling. As our patron, you’ll become a member and join us in our effort to support the arts. Alexander Calder was born in Lawnton, PA on July 22, 1898.American sculptor who was fascinated by the beauty of hanging mobiles. 2. These unique creations were deemed “Mobiles” by Dada master Marcel Duchamp, who appreciated the fact that, in French, mobile means both “motion” and “motive.”. While in New York, he studied at the Art Students League and worked as an illustrator for the National Police Gazette magazine. He was famous for his remarkable talent as a sculptor. Alexander Calder (July, 22,1898 - November 11, 1976) was an American sculptor. Calder's first significant recognition as an artist came when he exhibited his now-famous miniature circus with its animated wire performers at Paris's Salon des Humoristes in1927. In their earliest phases, Calder's mobiles were controlled by motors. 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