Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. Preparation: Boil or steam the younger plants like any fresh vegetable. These plants have sharp, thin hairs, which operate like hollow hypodermic needles and allow toxins into the skin upon contact. For reasons that are unclear, plants grown in the presence of stinging nettle display exceptional vigor and resist spoiling. Hairy nightshade. Nettles are characterized by the following features: Nettles grow in dense clusters or groves near water and begin to emerge shortly after snowmelt in the spring. One neighbor planted a lot of them in the front yard near the sidewalk. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) A typical Stinging Nettle plant in spring. The small hollow hairs contain the chemicals that cause the sting, so to avoid the sting, avoid breaking them–handle with care. Climbing nightshade. They prefer a a slightly acid, rich soil but will grow on any soil type – wet or dry, rich or poor. I know of a thick patch of fiddleheads and nettles which spreads several acres. All of the stinging nettle species have hairs on the stem and leaves that cause discomfort and inflammation to humans. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), if you have never experienced it, is an upright perennial that is covered with tiny, stinging hairs. I recommend planting stinging nettle in pots and placing pots away from children. Educate your family about stinging nettle. Cover the barrel with a lid because this liquid will have a strong smell! You can also turn nettles into a liquid fertilizer by filling a barrel with the leaves and branches. Ecological studies of farmland: the insect fauna of stinging nettle (Urtica doica). The plants I recently harvested were hung and dried. If the problem is an established stinging nettle patch, then it’s a bigger problem all together. Even this time of year I see tiny plants growing from the roots. The plant will have small “hairs” up the stalk and stems. gardener Posts: 965. Boiling/steaming gets rid of the "sting". Leave a minute piece of root in the soil and that’s enough for the nettles to regrow. I kept collecting stinging nettles every 3 days for most of a month. Stinging nettle rash presents as raised bumps or hives that are often light in color and up to a centimeter in diameter. Other strains grow in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. Stinging nettle. However many of these plants, especially in natural areas, have been recognized as a native subspecies. My strategy was to give out samples. Some are alien to North America, and some are considered native. Table of Contents. Nettles grow 2 to 5 feet tall and have opposite leaves. I make nettle beer, nettle flatbread, nettle tonic, and eat them as a vegetable. Stinging nettle grows wild in our part of the country. The introduced species from Europe, Urtica dioica subsp. 11. posted 9 years ago. Pickled nettles are a delightful appetizer. Today, many people use it to treat urinary problems during the early stages of an enlarged prostate, for urinary tract infections, for hay fever, or in compresses or creams for treating joint pain, sprains and strains, tendonitis, and insect bites. First, it is important to properly identify this plant in the wild. 0. filmbuffy Posts: 77. Nettle, or stinging nettle, is a shrub that comes from northern Europe and Asia. Burning nettle, also known as small nettle or annual nettle, generally reaches heights of 5 to 24 inches (12.5 to 61 cm). Stinging nettle Far more benign than others on this list, the stinging nettle is still no fun if handled incorrectly. Back to Ontario Weeds: Nettle Family. But putting on gloves takes care of the harvesting problem. Not a simple matter and very few changes of nettle occurred without my getting a few stings along the way. The Romans used to flog themselves with nettles in Celtic Britain. I do know it is sometime used … A petroleum ether nettle extract proved to be the most potent inhibitor of the enzyme, followed by the ethanolic and aqueous extracts. It often grows into small clumps. Formerly all stinging nettles were thought to be introduced European nettles. Does stinging nettles give you pins and needles? If you touch a plant that looks like nettle and gives you a noticeable sting, it is probably stinging nettle. Corn speedwell (Veronica) Creeping speedwell. Burning Nettle vs. Stinging Nettle. Ontario Weeds: Stinging Nettle. I've only tried selling to restaurants. Location: ZONE 5a Lindsay Ontario Canada. PLEASE NOTE that Stinging Nettle is considered by some to be an invasive alien plant. The leaves of a mature plant have margins that are coarsely toothed, that sit on the ends of short stalks with the surface of the leaves covered in stinging hairs. Jimsonweed. So it’s a two pronged approach, firstly cut down any stinging nettles that are on your plot. Stinging nettle grows in moist sites along streams and ditches, on mountain slopes, in woodland clearings, and in areas with disturbed soil. Clearly, stinging nettle is a plant with multiple purposes. The only way to get rid of stinging nettles permanently is to remove the whole of the root. The sting is not excruciating, but it is real, and the pain from it does hang on for some time–from a few minutes to hours. It likes moist,acidic soil and grows well in shade. You may also direct sow nettle greens in the garden. Dilute it with about 50 % water. There are other types of stinging nettle in the U.S. and around the world. Travis Philp. Spread throughout Canada, stinging nettle typically grows in damp areas like marshes, meadows, pastures and ditches. Keep the growing stinging nettle seeds moist. Knowledge is knowing that a tomato is a fruit. After fermenting it for 5-6 weeks the nettle fertilizer will be ready to use. The caterpillars grew and changed in appearance, so that on 18 September, after 18 days, they looked like this. Nahata and Dixit (2013) conducted a study on the 5-alpha-reductase activity of 11 herbs including stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and also confirmed that nettle extract inbits 5-alpha-reductase. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is found throughout Eurasia, North America, and northern Africa, and has been introduced to parts of South America. There are several varieties, hard to tell apart. True to its name, stinging nettle imparts a painful sting through tiny hairs on the underside of its leaves and on its stems. Dwarf snapdragon. Clammy ground cherry. Identifying characteristics – Perennial. I havent got any bumps you normally have at the site. Stinging Nettle Benefits – Butterflies & Edible . The skin surrounding the hives may be red. A dock weed plant commonly grows in the same general areas as the stinging nettle plant. dioica, is reported in the Maritimes, Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia. Stinging nettle does not seem like the kind of plant anyone would want to harvest, let alone put into their mouths. Some pics seem to have nettle seeds that look similarly in size to hemp seed. Ours used to get 5 ft tall growing under Doug firs. I stripped the seed heads of and rubbed them through a colander screen. So how does one find, harvest and utilize nettles? Photos and Pictures; For more information... Name: Stinging nettle, Urtica dioic var. Nightshade or Potato Family (Solanaceae) Smooth ground-cherry. Stinging nettle, which grows 1m or more in height, can be identified by clusters of fuzzy white flowers and serrated leaves. Choose a spot that has rich, moist soil a little ways from any other herbs. Yet, this has been common practice in treating a sting from a nettle plant for centuries. (It’s present in the meadow behind my house, too, but less noticeable there.) The flowers are lovely. Horse nettle. Some of the images I come across have pics of seeds that are much larger then the ones I have. Various North American types can be found from Florida and northern Mexico to the Canadian provinces. Name; Other Names; Family; General Description. Stinging nettle Perhaps one of the most intriguing examples of strange garden bedfellows is the relationship between the weed stinging nettle and several vegetable varieties. January 2017. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. Cool spring weather gives stinging nettles a subtly sweet flavor and buttery texture that is not present in older stems and leaves, which get tough and stringy. It is a prairie plant, as are most of my weeds, and for some reason it has found a comfortable home in my raspberry patch. Figwort or Snapdragon Family (Scrophulariaceae) Common mullein. The leaves and young stems of this herbaceous plant are fitted with stinging hairs tipped with formic acid and other irritants. Wisdom is not putting it in a fruit salad. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a slow-growing perennial plant native to North America (Figure 1). Abbots Ripton, UK: The Nature Conservancy, 33-35. In: Monks Wood Experimental Station: report for 1969-1971. The Stinging Nettle Made My Finger Go Numb. The seed leaves can be round to oval, and have minimal to no hairs. The plant grows in height from 20 inches (50.8 cm) to about 50 inches, and the leaves grow to be about 16 inches (41 cm) long. Since nettles can grow up to 8 feet tall, going through a large patch of nettle can be a daunting prospect. Sorry if I state the obvious, but could it have been a stinging nettle? Germination should occur by about 14 days. The leaves are coarsely toothed, pointed on the ends, and can be several inches long. (This is where the sting comes from!) Where found/How to grow – waste places, moist ditches, open woodlands, riparian areas. The Hemiptera and Coleoptera of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) in East Anglia. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) grows throughout much of the United States and is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9. We live in SW Ontario and have plenty of nettles. Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. Stinging Nettle is an erect broadleaf weed that typically grows in colonies. It is native to Europe. The photo above shows stinging nettle plant wearing its threadlike flowers, but I would never eat (or drink) nettles at such a late stage of maturity. Stinging nettle. Eastern black nightshade. Stinging Nettle – Note the seeds it’s about to shed. I did not know what it was and it stung like crazy when i tried to pull it. Weigh them down with a stone and fill it up with water. Toadflax. Stinging nettle will grow in dense clusters, and stalks can reach 5-8 feet at maturity. JoyC - may I ask why you want to grow stinging nettle? How do you market stinging nettle? It tends to grow wild here and most of us get rid of it the minute it pops up. Nettles can grow to one to two metres. Seed in the spring in rows that are an inch apart and keep the area moist. Stinging Nettle Liquid Fertilizer. Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. 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