Soon after the War, Hitler wrote that for Germany, the ".... idea of bringing black troops into a European battlefield, quite aside from its practical impossibility in the World War, never existed even as a design to be realized under more favorable circumstances, while, on the contrary, it was always regarded and felt by the French as the basic reason for their colonial activity.... "Not only that she complements her army to an ever-increasing degree from her enormous empire's reservoir of colored humanity, but racially as well, she is making such great progress in negrification that we can actually speak of an African state arising on European soil.  The second colonial empire, constructed in the late 19th Century, began in earnest after the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870. French Polynesia. The asserted sovereignty of some states listed here was generally unrecognized. In North America, France colonized the New France region, Newfoundland, and resent day Haiti. Today, most of Africa use either French or English as the second language. #ga-ad {display: none;} The empire stretched across the Caribbean Islands, North America, Central America, and half of South America. French and Dutch. Same with Brazil. numbers 55,000,000, nearly one and a half times that of France. } Brief History of colonization: In the 17th century AD, European countries scrambled for and partitioned Africa. - Parts of the USA were not yet colonized by the time the British were kicked out so wouldnt that mean it should be on the list. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Thailand is well aware of its unique heritage that does not include a colonial legacy, and … At present, France possesses the second-largest exclusive economic zone in the world, just after the United States; it measures approximately 11,351,000 km 2 (4,383,000 sq mi). These are collectively referred to as Metropolitan France. It has worked so well in … Thus, many European countries, such as Italy, Portugal, Greece, Spain, England and Germany, began acquiring colonies, leading to the colonial division of the world. Created by. var d = new Date(); France is divided into 18 regions, which are fundamentally similar to what’s referred to as states or provinces in other countries. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); France had two colonial empires. Much of this empire was transferred to England as a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, and much of what remained fell away at the time of the Napoleonic Wars. In the Indian Ocean, the major French colony was Mauritius. var script = document.createElement("script"); By 1914, most of the countries in the world had been colonized by Europe. A colonial empire is a collective of territories (often called colonies), either contiguous with the imperial center or located overseas, settled by the population of a certain state and governed by that state.. Before the expansion of early modern European powers, other empires had conquered and colonized territories, such as the Romans in Iberia, or the Chinese in what is now southern China. There is an impressive list of countries that were once colonized by the French, on every continent, among them: - large parts of Canada and of the United States - numerous islands in the Caribbean Throughout much of the 16th century, France’s efforts to get its share of the Americas were marred by civil wars and inept leadership. They were on a mission civilisatrice, a mission to "civilize" their colonial subjects. Thailand. A historical sovereign state is a state that once existed, but has since been dissolved due to conflict, war, rebellion, annexation, or uprising. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West. 2 Colonies by country. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { From the ethnical point of view its races include such different types as the Arab and the Berber, the Annamite, and the Congolese and Sudanese. List Of French-Speaking African Countries Africa was mostly colonized by Britain, France and Portugal during the scramble for Africa and after a prolonged stay in the continent, the colonized nations adopted the colonizers’ language as the official language, hence, there a lot of French-speaking African countries. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); The entry of European powers into Africa led to the spread of European culture, particularly the languages, in the continent. The British colonized twenty-two African states while the French colonized twenty. There are towering mountains, immense forests, and extremely fertile plantations. Test. The scramble and partition of Africa led other countries to express their interest including the Germans, Portuguese, Italians, and the Dutch. The Spanish Empire began its interest in the Americas upon the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean in 1492. Under French Jurisdiction (16) Bassas da India. France retained control of North, and West and parts of Central Africa while the British took control of East and South Africa. Between the 1920s and 1930s French colonies had an estimated population of about 110 million, half of British India. It is this latter portion of French colonial possessions which is by far the most important and the most full of promise. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { Such are the general characteristics of the French colonial empire. French colonial policy was open to many reproaches, especially from an economic point of view. Of those total regions, 13 are located in Europe (12 in mainland France and one in Corsica). - Mongolia was colonized by the Russians for a few years before being given it's independence. The pop. After independence in the 1960s, most of the French colonies in Africa were thrown into a civil conflict that still ravages across the states. African Countries and their Independence Days. STUDY. The French Overseas Departments of Martinique, Guadeloupe, French-Guyana, and Reunion have the same rights as Metropolitan (mainland) France and cannot be considered colonies as such. This page lists sovereign states, countries, nations, or empires that have ceased to exist as political entities, grouped geographically and by constitutional nature. The five overseas regions of France are: 1. PLAY. The newly “independent” countries should pay … - Ethiopia was "fully" colonized by the Italians in 1935. Thirdly, the Industrial Revolution prompted the countries of Europe to procure raw-materials from outside for their factories. All that could be obtained from these dominions had not yet been so drawn. French West Africa was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin), and Niger. Bismarck described the colonial positions of the three great Powers in the epigram, "England has colonies and colonists; Germany has colonists but no colonies; France has colonies but no colonists." France claims it has the first right to buy any natural resources found on the territory of its ex-colonies. France: Côte d'Ivoire, Republic of (Ivory Coast) Aug. 7, 1960: France: Chad, Republic of: Aug. 11, 1960: France: Central African Republic: Aug. 13, 1960: France: Congo (Brazzaville), Republic of the: Aug. 15, 1960: France: Gabon, Republic of: Aug. 16, 1960: France: Nigeria, Federal Republic of: Oct. 1, 1960: Britain: Mauritania, Islamic Republic of: Nov. 28, 1960: France I still have to find out the complete details about the amounts, the evaluation of the colonial benefits and the terms of payment imposed on the african countries… Learn. Islands as well as vast continental stretches go to form this empire, which includes one of the greatest deserts of the world, the Sahara, as well as some of the greatest rivers, the Congo, the Niger and the Mekong. The French colonies formed the happy hunting grounds of political partisans who successfully competed for the administrative posts in the faroff regions. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); The term was first used by Côte d'Ivoire’s former president Félix Houphouët-Boigny to express the role of France in improving the political and economic stability of the country. Francafrique symbolizes the French relationship with its former African colonies. France. There three great advantages exist; the climate is temperate, the country is suitable for colonization by the French and all the other Mediterranean peoples, who acclimatize themselves as if they were in their mother-country, and, above all, these colonies were close to France. Western Africa - Western Africa - Colonization: The European scramble to partition and occupy African territory is often treated as a peripheral aspect of the political and economic rivalries that developed between the new industrial nations in Europe itself and that were particularly acute from about 1870 to 1914. The general trade of this colonial empire amounted in 1919 to over 7,000 million francs. An immense self-contained area of settlement from the Rhine to the Congo, filled with a lower race gradually produced from continuous bastardization....". The great advantage of these possessions is their territorial continuity, and that some day a trans-Saharan railway will be able to run from Algiers to Brazzaville without leaving French territory. This empire included most of Northern America, some of the richest Caribbean Islands and a large part of India. France forces African countries to give preference to French interests and companies in the field of public procurement and public biding. The countries like England, France, Spain and Portugal established their colonies and wanted to be rich by bringing money from those colonies. This empire rivalled the British empire, and lasted until the 1960s. Control was split between France and Britain, with France administering the province Fezzan while the British administered the provinces of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania. Today, the term has acquired a negative sense and is mostly used to refer to the neocolonial relationship between France and the colonies. This colonial empire included Northern Africa, a large part of Western and Central Africa, Indochina and islands all over the world. Although these figures appear small when compared with those of the British Empire, the French colonial empire is the second largest in the world, and its building-up was one of the notablet achievements of the Third Republic. The gem of all the French colonies was N. Africa - Algiers, Tunis and Morocco. The colonies were drawn on for material resources, and in particular for troops. 16-01-2018 12:07:24 ZULU, 1688-1789 - Later Bourbon Colonial Policy, 1870-1890 - Third Republic Administration, FRENCH COLONIAL EXPANSION IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. Between the 19th and 20th centuries, France ruled over colonies that span for about 4,980,000 sq mi. The African countries are also not allowed to seek other partners freely. The other five regions are overseas regions and have equal status with other regions that might come top of mind when you think of France, such as Normandy or Brittany. Former colonies in the Caribbean include Grenada, Nevis, Sait Croix, Dominica, Tobago and several other Islands. 2.1 Belgium; 2.2 United Kingdom; 2.3 France; 2.4 Germany; 2.5 Italy; 2.6 Japan; 2.7 The Netherlands; 2.8 Denmark–Norway; 2.9 Portugal; 2.10 Russia; 2.11 Spain; 2.12 United States; 3 Notes and references; 4 Entries available in the atlas These two colonial empires should not be confused with the First Empire and Second Empire, which were domestic political institutions that flourished in the period between the two overseas colonial empires. In 1949, the UN General Assembly declared that Libya should become an independent country by 1 January 1952. After the Great War the colonial domain of France, including colonies, … In 1830 France established its first African after ceasing Algier followed by several others in South East Asia. tomydenger Yes the allies took their colonies away around the time the first world war began. It includes rice, sugar, wood, cotton, phosphates, cereals in great abundance, coal (but only in Indo-China), and metals of every kind. Colonial Debt for the benefits of France colonization. This continued until around 1905, by which time all the lands and resources of the continent of Africa had been completely divided and colonized by European countries. Of course, the countries left empty-handed by the Pope’s decree got over it in part by picking off Spanish ships laden with treasure on their way home. Match. After the Great War the colonial domain of France, including colonies, protectorates, and countries for which France has a mandate, covered an area of 10,426,000 sq. That being said, every country on here was given its independence by a European nation. Terms in this set (20) Originally they came to the New World to find the northwest passage to the East, but later they came to develop the fur trade. The French and the British engaged in a fierce rivalry over colonies during the late 18th and early 19th centuries led to armed conflict in North America and India. The exploitation of these countries had not been pushed forward with enough energy, nor, more important still, with the necessary method. The primary motive was to become a planetary superpower and dominate the world. In 1830 France established its first African after ceasing Algier followed by several others in South East Asia. Japan: Faced with the threat of western encroachment, Tokugawa Japan reacted by completely revolutionizing its social and political structures in the Meiji Restoration of 1868.By 1895, it was able to defeat the former East Asian great power, Qing China, in the First Sino-Japanese War.Meiji Japan stunned Russia and the other European powers in … During the Spanish colonial period in the Americas (1492–1832), about two million Spanish settlers migrated to the newly acquired territory, and a further 3.5 million people migrated to the Americas between 1850 and 1950. The former colonial power has set up military bases in Djibouti, Senegal, and Gabon. All countries above did not necessarily gain independence from France but were at one time either temporarily colonized or recorded as a part of the French Colonization Empire. Europa Island. The French African empire, leaving Madagascar out of account, stretches in one unbroken sweep from Algiers to Brazzaville, and from Dakar to Abesher. This continued until around 1905, by which time all the lands and resources of the continent of Africa had been completely divided and colonized by European countries. The newly “independent” countries should pay … Currently, it is actively engaged in military activities in Chad, Mali, Ivory Coast and the Central African Republic. Gravity. script.setAttribute("async", true); km., an area nearly 20 times greater than that of France. Asian Nations That Were Not Colonized . This colonization of western countries is a strategy of communists. They have been colonizing the United States since the 1980s. In the Middle East, the major French colony was the French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon. If the development of France in the present style were to be continued for three hundred years, the last remnants of Frankish blood would be submerged in the developing European-African mulatto state. France has been forced to intervene militarily in the colonies with the aim of restoring peace. It is true that these colonies he almost entirely in temperate or hot countries. The country came under UN administration. }, Page last modified: In 1918 the figure was about 5,000 million francs. During the Colonial period in Africa, the British and the French colonized more than 95% of the continent. French Southern and Antarctic Lands. Countries That Colonized. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); Soldiers came into field against Germany in hundreds of thousands from the French colonies. The produce of these colonies is also varied. In South America, the French took over the control of parts of Brazil, Iles Malouines, and French Guiana. Write. The colonial policy of present-day France cannot be compared with that of Germany in the past. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Although dotted over four continents, Africa, Asia, America and Oceania, it consists mainly of two big groups, one in Asia and the other in Africa. The first one during the XVIth-XVIIIth Centuries was built by large Royal Trading Companies (such as Compagnie des Indes Occidentales). This simply means that France holds the National reserve of fourteen African countries which are; Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. It was only during the war that France realized how valuable it was to her. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; It is formed by three great geographical unities: northern Africa, western and equatorial Africa, which encircles the Sahara and join at the central point of Lake Chad, with coast-line on the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. Exports and imports practically balanced each other. sheahausman PLUS. Glorioso Islands… d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Many colonial administrator professed a fierce commitment to republicanism and to reshaping the lives of their colonial subjects consistent with the French republican vision. Flashcards. Mayotte, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis-et-Futuna, Austral Lands and French Antarctic Lands are French territories. Brief History of colonization: In the 17th century AD, European countries scrambled for and partitioned Africa. By Victor Kiprop on July 3 2019 in World Facts. Guadeloupe (Caribb… The chief characteristic of these possessions is their variety. France lost the wars and ceased all colonial activities in the region allowing the British to dominate the Indian subcontinent and the North American continent. French Guiana. Clipperton Island. In 1913, the last normal year before war, it only amounted to 3,250 million francs. Most of these colonies lasted beyond the invasion and occupation of France by Nazi Germany during World War II. Across the world, the dominance of French as a colonial power was only overshadowed by the British . Other African countries colonized by France include Gambia, Chad, Mali, Togo, Sudan, Gabon, Tunisia, Niger, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, and several others. It has been carried on without a general programme, without stability of purpose, by improvisations, by little jerks, a system which has led to failures and, which is worse, to delays. These administrators saw themselves as children of the Enlightenment, embarked upon a crusade to improve the lives the backward and oppressed peoples of Asia, Africa, and the Pacific. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Other African countries colonized by France include Gambia, Chad, Mali, Togo, Sudan, Gabon, Tunisia, Niger, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, and several others. Spell. - Taiwan was colonized by the Dutch. The first French colonies were in North America, India, and the Caribbean after the Spanish and the Portuguese successfully established colonies. This situation is unique, and renders the colonies ten times more valuable. Colonial Debt for the benefits of France colonization. Vietnam - Vietnam - The conquest of Vietnam by France: The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. This last clause accurately represented the case of France. The newly “independent” countries should pay for the infrastructure built by France in the country during colonization. By the end of Queen Victoria's reign, the list of British colonies in the British West Indies included the island nations of Anguilla, Antigua, the Bahamas, Barbados, Barbuda, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Turks and Caicos. 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