Finally, the best way to contemplate on Scandinavian architecture is to take a look at the examples. Landscapes, vision, volumetry, materials and winter feeling all in one. A little goes a long way – for Nordic people, this means that a limited choice of materials was just what they needed to develop strong craftsmanship and a mindset that was based on the form-follows-function principle, regardless of the one formulated by Louis Sullivan. Ultimately, it seems that the word simplicity is gradually being complemented by excitement when it comes to contemporary architecture in Nordic countries. "Scandinavian architecture just comes naturally when you live here. Ritual houses and Stave churches were religious buildings. The beauty of Scandinavian houses is in the simplicity of their designs. Sleek Shapes. Depending on the social position of the owner, they were built in different dimensions, but mostly from 16 to 23 feet wide and from 50 to 250 feet long. How … Subjected to the seasons’ lighting conditions, you work completely different and subtly with light. Reasonableness, functionality, and strict beauty of homes made them famous not only in the Nordic countries. The first part, the Innhus, was used for living and for food storage, and the Uthus was used for tools and animal fodder. The cruelty of nature that inhabits regions close to the Arctic Circle is the one that made people appreciate it better, which is why Scandinavians have intrinsically known the basics of functionalism even before it was officially established as a movement. It is true that the Scandinavian design style is very popular but only when it comes to the interior design of flats and apartments and some modern homes, but that doesn’t mean that there aren’t good Scandinavian home exterior designs. Scandinavian architecture uses Scandinavian design elements such as merging the structure with the surrounding environment, integration of wood and natural materials, natural light, clean lines, neutral colors, and more. Biotope is Norway’s first architectural firm to specialize in bird-watching. These simple wooden buildings were a place used for collecting the weapons of defeated enemies. Scandinavian design started in the 1950s in the Nordic countries of Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland. Modern Small Scandinavian House - Just 355 sq ft - Duration: 1:19. Scandinavian architecture might just be the perfect example for this unlikely balance, and although Bjork’s lyrics may have originally been self-critical, “organized freedom” seems to work just perfectly in architecture. Sep 24, 2020 - We love the humanism and organic nature of Nordic design new and old. Honka Markki is a modern log house inspired by traditional Ostrobothnian house-building. The simplicity, of course, can take an unlimited number of forms so today we’re checking out a few cool structures that do this style proud. The cabins were divided into two parts, the Innhus and the Uthus. The black siding seamlessly connects with the black roof to create a striking look against the green forest surrounding it. The old and the new. You will find some of the traditional elements of Scandinavian design in his buildings, including the turf roofs, generously large windows and spaces designed with regard to climatic conditions. The floor of the rooms was covered with wood, earth, and stone. The ritual houses started to look like churches; they had multilayer roofs, and the entrance were ornamented with decorations. The base was piled up with stones, and their walls were made of wood. These buildings were used for farming, the roofs were covered with earth and grass was planted in the soil. This unusual … This Swedish home is covered in light wood to protect it from the elements and features huge windows to let in as much natural light as possible. We believe that there is a third way. However, aesthetically, the notion of beauty, which traditionally meant harmony and simplicity, seems to take on different shapes in BIG's work. Large glass windows make up the … At the beginning, their design was not much different from other buildings, but with the passing of time their construction become more complex. Wingårdhs’ Aula Medica rises above the traditional cottage – Stenbrottet (the … Early ritual houses were simple wooden buildings not much different from other buildings. The fireplace was usually placed in the center, and would provide the lighting and heating for the whole house. 4. Their purpose was to hold Viking Ships, in the times they were not sailing, especially during the winter. Much of the international acclaim for Scandinavian architecture in the early decades of the twentieth century can be attributed to Swedish Grace, a style mixing Neoclassicism with traditional local elements. To put it in Ingels' words: “Architecture seems to be entrenched in two equally unfertile fronts: either naively utopian or petrifyingly pragmatic. Theyoungones1994 CC BY 2.0. scandinavian-architects.com ... Theodora House Copenhagen, Denmark, 2020 The other reason why industrialization found its home in Scandinavia after all is due to the democratic environment, which was characteristic for this region in the early 20th century. See more ideas about scandinavian home, design, house design. The Viking ring fortresses were military constructions. Full-length windows are used very frequently, in order to let the maximal amount of sunshine into the interior. Another key element of Scandinavian exteriors is the use of nature in … Countryside buildings were built of wood, and they were similar to log cabins. These bases precondition their approach to design as we know it today - you only need to consider Ikea and their ideology in order to easily understand the Scandinavian way of living. Sven Rosborn CC BY 3.0, Interior of a longhouse. Their roofs were the same as traditional ritual houses, that is, multi-layered, but they often had a tower or spire in the middle. Boathouses were usually built back from the waterline, dug into the ground. Stave church, built in the 12th century in Norway. Ever since the medieval times, Nordic people have had examples of cleverly designed homes and objects. The interior was highly decorated with designs and symbols such as the cross or depictions of Jesus. 2. We provide art lovers and art collectors with one of the best places on the planet to discover modern and contemporary art. The homes are painted wood, and include a shaded deck space, plus full insulation and electricity, for a price of about $29,000. An interesting fact about the Icelandic turf houses was the introduction of attached toilets. Again, angles definitely contribute to the modern … Still, the idea to reconcile aspects of freedom and aspects of organization is reflected in Bjarke's work as much as it is present in the work of his predecessors - a sort of democratic view on architecture puts emphasis on accessibility and openness, but it is always overlapped with a grid of order and regulations. One of the first things you'll notice in most of Scandinavian buildings, from the Modern period until today, is their openness, both to the inside and the outside. 1. Jon Olav Eikenes CC BY-SA 2.0. The collaboration with the Germans and the vast influence of Bauhaus are frequently commended as key precursors of Modernism in Denmark, which soon inspired other Scandinavian countries as well. When speaking of Scandinavian architecture, it tends to include works attributed to Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, and Iceland. Viking longhouses were buildings in which people lived throughout the Norse lands. Scandinavia House: The Nordic Center in America, the leading center for Nordic culture in the United States, offers a wide range of programs. Finally, the 1930 exhibition in Stockholm is described as a defining moment of Modern Scandinavian architecture, and the one in which Nordic Classicism slipped into Functionalism once the two leading architects Gunnar Asplund and Sigurd Lewerentz displayed new architectural designs and said their final goodbyes to classical architecture. Early ritual houses were built for religious purposes before the Christians arrived in Scandinavia. Peaks and dips make for an interesting skyline. Guillaume Baviere CC BY 2.0, Trelleborg, a view from the inside. A reconstructed viking house in Iceland. However, the lyrical Nordic style would have never been entirely acknowledged by the rest of the world if there wasn't for Alvar Aalto, the renowned Finnish architect whose work reached far distances and implanted a little bit of Finland in many other parts of the world. Featured images: Jorgen Bo and Vilhelm Wohlert - Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Humlebæk, Denmark - one of the icons of Scandinavian architectural design; Snohetta - Reindeer Pavilion - an example of new tendencies in contemporary Nordic architecture. The longhouses were constructed on simple stone footings and had walls made of logs, planks or wattle and daub. Photo: Courtesy of Aamodt/Plumb. By its brevity, the Scandinavian style is referred to as minimalism. As a consequence, lots of Scandinavian buildings that are located in urban areas are strangely open to the public, which tends to confuse tourists and people who have had no experience with a chronic lack of daylight. This is a serene view of a Scandinavian-Style L-shaped house against a white background of snow landscape and blue skies that perfectly contrasts the black walls and black Gable roofs. Check out these spectacular homes showcasing the scandinavian style architecture. Elements of the Modern farmhouse are combined with Scandinavian flavor to create a Master piece that was seen at the Parade of Homes, 2018. Scandinavian Architecture Capstone of the 21st Century Design. Notable designers of … Photo credit Micha L. Rieser, Ritual houses, Viking church with multi-layer roof. Medieval Scandinavian architecture, a roof covered with turf. The roofs were covered in dirt to keep the heat inside the house, and grass was planted in the dirt on the roof to keep it from eroding away. Source: atelier BOOM-TOWNThe simple lines of the Gable roofs and black walls allows you to appreciate the frozen wonderful s… The Icelandic turf houses and the viking longhouse were general living buildings in medieval Scandinavian architecture. The turf was fitted around the frame in blocks, and the doorway, which was wooden and often decorative, led into the hall, where there would be a great fire. Anjali Kiggal CC BY-SA 4.0. In fact, natural light plays a key role in architectural design, since it is regarded as one of the most valuable aspects, and thus it dictates the entire design process. The circular forts (there are 6 of them), have a strictly circular shape and they are called Trelleborgs. Icelandic Turf House, traditionally constructed, with wooden doorway. Although he was one of the most notable proponents of International Style, his architecture is often described as poetic and innately humane - ever since his Paradise Restaurant was introduced at the Stockholm exhibition, his architecture has been known for these features. The Icelandic turf house has a large foundation made of flat stones with a wooden frame upon that. Sep 24, 2020 - We love the humanism and organic nature of Nordic design new and old. One of the most famous Scandinavian architects today is Bjarke Ingels, the founder of BIG - Bjarke Ingels Group. If you decide to take a walk through one of Copenhagen's streets, especially if you take just a few steps away from the historical center, you'll be able to see hundreds of full-length windows with no curtains, since Nordic people apparently have no issues with privacy and do not really care if anyone peeks through their windows (and tourists often do). Countryside buildings were built of wood, and they were similar to log cabins. No matter the time of the year, Scandinavian homes are functional and livable. They always have a minimalist design that puts a … Biotope. Modern & Contemporary Art Resource. Viking Age longhouse, reconstructed, Denmark. ... architecture sketching house 8 - Duration: 10:17. arielbrindissketch 606,814 views. The roughly 160-square-foot modules, dubbed Mini House 2.0, were built in collaboration with Swedish manufacturer Sommarnöjen, and are delivered flat-packed. Despite the contrast, this house appreciates the surrounding beauty with massive glass windows.See more here. Architectural features of the Scandinavian style houses. A pragmatic utopian architecture”. For those of us who get easily confused by geopolitical terms - Scandinavia usually refers to three countries only, and these include Denmark, Sweden and Norway. All images used for illustrative purposes only. Just like some other European nations, Scandinavians had their own variation of Art Nouveau in the 19th century, called National Romantic style, and even a nationally-based version of Neo-Classicism, called Nordic Classicism. These buildings were used for farming, the roofs were covered with earth and grass was planted in … Still, before we start explaining the analogy, we ought to take a quick look at the history of Scandinavian architecture and urban design, and by the end of this article we’ll learn about the recent tendencies in their contemporary architecture, as well as how they relate to the past and the current global trends. These buildings were for farming the rough steep fjords. The Philco Predicta: One of the most recognized TV sets in North America, Mount Vernon – home of George Washington, the general who achieved independence for his nation, Medieval Scandinavian architecture: Viking longhouses, Pillows Throughout History, Fascinating Beginnings, Earth lodges: Homes of the Native Americans of the Great Plains built with a technique 6,000 years old, The story behind Loretto Chapel “Miraculous Staircase”, 1950s Home decor: Dynamic, vibrant designs influenced by science, space exploration & innovations in technology, History of the electric fan: The earliest mass-produced home appliances, The Bankers lamp: Green desk lamps with an iconic design. New age brings new materials, and Nordic countries are no longer restricted by their geographic isolation. During the months where the sun is in full force, the home’s architecture incorporates the natural light into the home. Having lived in Sweden for two years, The Scandinavian spirit lives inside the builder. A well-designed Scandinavian house is always corresponding with its natural environment, so that both the nature around the house and the architecture itself get the best out of the process. The latter was historically considered a mere transition between styles, but it has recently been reassessed and interpreted as an important, albeit brief period in Scandinavian architecture which did fall under direct influence of European Neo-Classicism (a style rather infamous among academic circles today), but it also represented an interesting "preface" to Modernism. We aim at providing better value for money than most. 3. Restraint, simplicity of lines and forms are “warmed” by many details that make the house cozy and comfortable. Scandinavian house architecture. 10 Stylish Interpretations of the Charming Scandinavian House Design. Discover the unique and inventive architecture in three Nordic countries on an 11-day journey with Architectural Adventures. Viking Age circular fort or trelleborg. If you are an architecture lover, it is almost certain that you’ve gone through Instagram-favorites 8 House of Big architects, Tree Hotel Mirrorcubes of Tham & Videgård and Snøhetta’s Underwater restaurant. They became imitations of churches. W hether contemporary or more traditional, Scandinavian houses have a distinctive character. © 2013-2020 Widewalls | The Scandinavian home model extends to Scandinavian countries of Northern Europe such as Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland, which offers the Scandinavian house concept which is characterized by simplicity, functionality, and minimalism. In some sense, this explains why Scandinavians managed to find a perfect equilibrium between two worlds - keeping a mindful relationship with nature, and taking advantage of the improvements brought by the industry. Grig Stamate 29,785 views. Scandinavian-Architects is a premium network of selected contemporary Architects and building professionals, advocating quality in architecture. Buildings such as the Viking Longhouse and Icelandic turf houses, and their religious buildings and boathouses too, all found a unique expression in medieval Scandinavian architecture. People from the north have always had a special bond with nature, one that cannot be fully understood by those who live in other parts of the world, which is one of the reasons for the relatively late advent of industrial revolution in these countries. The Flintstones House – It’s Almost Invisible From a Distance. A part of the ceremonies was giving a sacrifice to the gods by burning or slaughtering an animal. Architecture and design in Scandinavia is known for being simple, modern, and minimal. 26 Inspiring Scandinavian House Plans Photo - The Inductive However, both in this article and quite often in everyday life, the word Scandinavian applies to Finland and Iceland as well, all of which belong to the northern part of Europe. The Innhus was for food storage, sleeping and living. Aalto was known for his "lyrical functionalism", typical both for Asplund and him, but he was also a prominent furniture designer and even a painter. The Scandinavian Farmhouse was born. Light colored bricks cover the exterior of this single story home to work with the light wood on the garage and front doors. The Christians in the Norse region used to gather in Stave churches, which from outside looked like a more complex construction than the ritual houses. Although the Danish architect is sometimes accused of abandoning Scandinavian Modernism and some of its principles that are based on a harmonic relationship with nature, Bjarke's architectural style might be better described as a a contemporary upgrade of the national "international" style. A beach house by Aamodt/Plumb marries Scandinavian style with contemporary pops of color. Therefore, most of the rituals were performed outside, so the decorations were on the outside. The buildings for farms were split into two parts, Innhus and Uthus. With their simplicity, efficiency, and understated beauty, everything has a reason and a place to exist. Although Bjarke Ingels was used just as a single (and very famous) example, lots of other architectural teams continue the story of Scandinavian design with respect to nature, but also with a brilliant sense of using technology the right way. Prominent buildings from this period include Stockholm City Hall, Stockholms stadshus, completed in 1923 by Ragnar Östberg, which London’s Observer newspaper praised as “perhaps the finest public building erected in Europe si… The material that composes this house is the Norwegian pine, used both outside and inside – a skin that will change over time, becoming an elegant greyish coating. For example, the Icelanders were known for turf houses, one of the earliest examples of “green roofs”, which not only looked lovely but was an excellent way of insulating the house. The Icelandic turf houses and the viking longhouse were general living buildings in medieval Scandinavian architecture. Located in Norway, this family holiday home is the reinterpretation of vernacular architecture. Become One With Nature. However, no other Scandinavian architect was as good at furniture design as Arne Jacobsen, known for his brilliant chair designs that, once again, expose the human dimension of modernism. As mentioned above, industrialization was not embraced in Scandinavia right away, partly due to the tradition of craftsmanship and the proficient skills of their craftsmen; but then on the other hand, the functionalist logic was just waiting to be discovered under new conditions brought by industrial revolution. These buildings were built of wood, usually logs similar to “Lincoln Logs" or log - cabin style. Icelandic turf house, a fireplace was built in the center. If you’re not originally from the Nordic countries, but you do listen to Bjork, then you must have heard how Scandinavians like to “organize freedom”. Svein Harkestad CC BY-SA 3.0, Borgun staves church, the interior made of wood. Gunnar Asplund, the influential Swedish architect who quickly transitioned from Neoclassicism to Functionalism, is often dubbed the father of Modernism in Scandinavia. Chalet du bois flotté residence by atelier boom town. Photo Credit Thomas Ormston CC BY-SA 2.0, Interior of a Viking longhouse, with wooden decorative pillars. Romsdal Folk museum by Reiulf Ramstad Architects. The house is designed by Anssi Lassila, a well-known innovator of Finnish architect who combines traditional building materials with contemporary Scandinavian architecture. The buildings were extraordinarily long, because Vikings boats were up to 82ft long. Whether you want inspiration for planning a scandinavian exterior home renovation or are building a designer exterior home from scratch, Houzz has 8,796 images from the best designers, decorators, and architects in the country, including planbasis Architekturbüro and Breathe Design Studio. This is one of the most important facets of Scandinavian architecture, a leitmotif that remains present throughout history, regardless of period or style. The Uthus were the buildings for animals, tools and animal fodder(animal food), in other words, the Uth… They were built during the Viking age: five of them are located in Denmark and were built in the reign of Harold Bluetooth, who died in 986, and one remains in the southern part of Sweden. His honours include winning the Finlandia Prize for Architecture in 2015. Since Germany is geographically close to Denmark, the Danes started picking up the novelties and becoming interested in the “new architecture” that ruled Europe in the late 1920’s. Scandinavian house plans & Scandinavian-inspired floorplans The Drummond House Plans collection of Scandinavian house plans and floor plans embrace being uncluttered and functionally focused on the practical aspects of everyday life. The style has now become trendy worldwide, especially with the rise of several well-recognized Scandinavian furniture companies like Ikea and Marimekko. A well-designed Scandinavian house is always corresponding with its natural environment, so that both the nature around the house and the architecture itself get the best out of … Stave churches were built with stone walls around the base, and then constructed of wood. Scandinavian architecture is a relatively new construct that came into the public consciousness within the last century. Architecture was no longer a matter of prestige, it was produced for everyone and made accessible to all, designed with the idea that beautiful, healthy environment should make everyone's life better. Spacious simplicity, sophisticated. boulanger.IE CC BY 2.0. Guillaume Baviere CC BY 2.0. When it comes to the home, simplicity, comfort, and a connection to nature are what define Scandinavian home design. 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