Demographic and Research section was established in early Eighties in order to conduct Pakistan Demographic Survey (PDS) and Demographic Research Activities. 2 (2004): 175. Youth from both rural and urban areas are exposed to current trends through television, internet and outdoor media. Pakistan Economic Outlook. Punjab What they will be in the future is uncertain, but it is certain that they will change. The government of Pakistan therefore needs to integrate awareness programs with proper service delivery programs in a bid to be assured of improving the population situation in their country substantially. Past, current and projected future population growth is outlined. Pakistan needs to find employment for 1.7 million people each year, if it is to avoid the long-term rise of youth unemployment. Pakistan is one of the most populous countries in the worldwith a large Muslim population and a rather low urbanization rate, which means that the majority of … Overpopulation has come as one of the biggest problems of our country and the government tends to pay no heed to it. IvyPanda. Despite the slight decline in the total fertility of Pakistan since the start of this decade, the country still remains one of the most fertile countries in the whole world. This has led to more, and larger, regions in the world being subject to water stress where the current restricted rates of water use and consumption, let alone the desired rates, are unsustainable. January 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/current-and-future-population-problems-in-pakistan/. The main reason why Pakistan is facing the above mentioned problems is due to the inability of the government and the population of Pakistan to effectively reduce their population growth rate. Climate change in Pakistan is expected to cause wide-ranging effects on the environment and people in Pakistan. A more diverse representation of women is needed in the feminist movement to have a better understanding of their problems. Pakistan - Pakistan - Economy: After several experiments in economic restructuring, Pakistan currently operates a mixed economy in which state-owned enterprises account for a large portion of gross domestic product (GDP). 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Urban population growth will remain strong, and Karachi will carry on dominating the urban landscape, however the population will … 2020. Pakistan’s per capita energy consumption, 3894 kWh as against the world average of 17620 kWh, gives it a ranking of 100 amongst the nations of the world [5, 6]. Relations between the two states have been defined by the violent partition of British India in 1947 which started the Kashmir conflict, and the numerous military conflicts fought between the two nations. Despite the aforementioned decline in the fertility rate of Pakistan, the country still experiences insurmountable population related-problems and stakeholders have been struggling to find an amicable solution to the problem. In Japan, for example, half of all current household spending comes from people over 60, compared with 13% of spending from people under 40. Currently, 34.9 % of the population of Pakistan is urban (75,510,639 people in 2019) Created with Highcharts 8.2.2. While the country is ageing, high birth rates and relatively low life expectancy mean that the population will continue to be overwhelmingly young, with one of the lowest median ages in the region. It can, in fact, be argued that high fertility problems and problems encountered in implementing family planning programmes are due to the high level of illiteracy in the country. The paper, thus, looks into the trends leading to the demographic transition in Pakistan and its implications for the country, specifically those related to employment. more than doubling from current levels by 2055. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) The government and the population need to realize that small families are needed in order to realize personal and national health. Currently the sixth most populous country in the … Currently, forty per cent of the people in Pakistan are below the poverty line and illiteracy and low standards of living have engulfed the country’s population for decades. It is also estimated that virtually a half of the population in Pakistan is illiterate. In Pakistan, the proportion of employed population below $1.90 purchasing power parity a day in 2019 is 2.3%. Projections of Future Climate Trends in Pakistan 17 a. Pakistan's vision 2025 has set 8% GDP growth rate target from 2018 to 2025. Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. The government should thus dedicate the minimal resources it has in this program and ensure the effectiveness of a family planning programme (Sathar 3). The fastest growing demographic will be the elderly, with the population of people over 65 years old at 1 billion by 2030. Water demands and supplies are changing. Otherwise, the predictions of future population in Pakistan based on trends in the past and the present are shocking. Despite the fact that Pakistan started fighting its population growth in the 1950’s with the implementation of population control programmes, nothing much has been achieved since then. It is only when a major reduction in the rate of population growth will be realized that we can be hopeful that population problems in Pakistan will reduce in the future. The government also needs to be vigilant to identify populist politicians and deal with them accordingly before they derail efforts to educate the public and eventually reduce the population growth rates. Request a complimentary demonstration of our award-winning market research today. Population growth rate is 2.1 % and in the list of most populous countries, Pakistan is at 6 th number. 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